Professor Rustam Al-Shahi Salman (MA MB BChir PhD FRCP Edin FHEA FESO)

Professor of Clinical Neurology

  • Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences
  • Stroke Research Group
  • Research to Understand Stroke due to Haemorrhage (RUSH)

Contact details



Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences (CCBS)
First Floor
Chancellor's Building
49 Little France Crescent

Post code
EH16 4SB


I became interested in neurology during medical training in Cambridge and was inspired to work on common neurological problems by Charles Warlow and the stroke research group in Edinburgh, which I joined in 1998 as an MRC clinical training fellow, progressing to MRC patient-oriented clinician scientist and senior clinical fellowships until 2016. My clinical and research interests focus on the frequency, prognosis, treatment, and pathophysiology of intracranial haemorrhage, using research methods such as randomised controlled trials, community- or population-based cohort and case-control studies, brain banking, and meta-analysis. My clinical work includes acute TIA/stroke/thrombolysis services, acute neurology services including a rapid access neurology clinic for my emergency department, and specialist outpatient clinics.

I was one of the lead authors of The Lancet's 2014 Series on Increasing Value and Reducing Waste in Research ( and a founding member of the REWARD Alliance (

I have received funding from the MRC, British Heart Foundation, Stroke Association, Chest Heart and Stroke Scotland, the Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government, and GE Healthcare (see 

I welcome contact from trainee doctors interested in pursuing independently-funded clinical research fellowships to answer important questions about stroke due to any form of intracranial haemorrhage.


2017 Fellow of the European Stroke Organisation (FESO)

2009 Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

2007 Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (FRCP Edin)

2006 Certificate of completion of specialist training in neurology, 31 October 2006

2005 PhD, University of Edinburgh

1997 MRCP (UK)

1993 MB BChir, University of Cambridge

1991 BA (Hons), University of Cambridge

Responsibilities & affiliations

2018 – present Board Member, Efficacy & Mechanism Evaluation funding committee, NIHR

2018 – present President Elect, British Association of Stroke Physicians

2016 – present Board of Directors, European Stroke Organisation

2015 – present Stroke Association in Scotland Advisory Committee

2015 – present Member of the Secretary of State for Transport’s Honorary Medical Advisory Panel on Driving and Disorders of the Nervous system

2014 – present Member, Trials Network Committee, European Stroke Organisation

2010 – present Edinburgh brain banks local management group and steering committee

2009 – present Editor, Cochrane Stroke Group editorial board

2007 – present Angioma Alliance Scientific Advisory Board

Open to PhD supervision enquiries?


Research summary

My Research to Understand Stroke due to Haemorrhage (RUSH) programme is dedicated to better understanding the causes and outcome of spontaneous (non-traumatic) intracerebral haemorrhage in adults, leading to randomised controlled clinical trials of interventions to improve outcome.

Current research interests

Randomised controlled trials: Start or STop Anticoagulants Randomised Trial (SoSTART) for atrial fibrillation after intracranial haemorrhage Desmopressin for treatment of patients taking Antiplatelet agents with Stroke due to Haemorrhage (DASH) Triple therapy prevention of Recurrent Intracerebral Disease EveNts Trial (TRIDENT) StATins Use in intRacerebral hemorrhage patieNts (SATURN) Prevention Of Hypertensive Injury to the Brain by Intensive Treatment after IntraCerebral Haemorrhage (PROHIBIT ICH): a pilot randomized trial of home telemetry-guided treatment Other research designs: Neuro-Inflammation after Cerebral Haemorrhage in Edinburgh (NICHE) Does blood pressure variability (BPV) affect outcome after stroke due to intracerebral haemorrhage? Multi-modality imaging assessment of cerebral small vessel disease biomarkers after stroke due to spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage 18F-Flutemetamol for the ante mortem recognition of intracerebral haemorrhage due to cerebral amyloid angiopathy Maximising a small vessel disease brain bank resource Pathomolecular mechanisms of intracerebral haemorrhage: functional analysis of collagen IV variants What is the best brain imaging strategy for patients with suspected minor stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA)? Long-term outcomes in unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation patients

Affiliated research centres

Research activities

View all 67 activities on Research Explorer