Institute for Academic Development
Institute for Academic Development

Group working

Advice and resources to help you develop collaborative working skills.

Most careers involve working as part of a team and being able to work effectively in a group is a skill highly valued by employers.  It demonstrates that you have developed good interpersonal, communication and time management skills as well as being able to deal with challenges associated with team work.

In many careers, advances in technology and the global economy mean your team members may be based in different parts of the world.  It is important that you are able to work in different types of groups, interacting both face to face and by using technology. 

Most of your courses will involve group discussion and many require students to work in a group on a project that will be assessed.  Group work brings together people with different skills, knowledge and experiences.  It allows students to come together to consider a range of views to address problems by developing creative solutions.

The basics

Meetings, roles and ground rules

Whether your group is small or large you will need to focus on the task and everyone will need to contribute to reach your common goal.  It’s a good idea to draw up a list of roles for the task.  For example, you might like to designate a leader, a note taker for meetings and a ‘finisher’ who takes responsibility for pulling all the work together.

Having a set of ground rules can help to make sure your group achieves their purpose.  Make sure that you record the agreed responsibilities of each role.

Meetings roles and ground rules (pdf)  Meetings roles and ground rules (Word rtf)

Roles record sheet (pdf)          Roles record sheet (Word doc)

At your first meeting, you might like to agree on the following:

  • How will the group communicate (e.g. by email, by social media)?
  • How frequently will the group meet? Where will you meet?
  • When are the deadlines?
  • What are the group’s aims and objectives?
  • Who will take on which roles? Will these be fixed or rotated?
  • What strengths do members bring to the group?  Who will do which tasks? How will they be achieved?

You might like to record what you have agreed in a project management sheet. Here is a template you can use.

Group project management sheet (pdf)   Group project management sheet (Word doc)

Communicating and meeting

The effectiveness and success of group projects depends on team members communicating well.   You are likely to be working with people you don’t know very well and we advise that you always use your University email address

Office 365: Every student at the University of Edinburgh has access to Office 365 and has a university email address.  Office 365 Groups is designed for collaboration and enables you to work collectively by scheduling meetings, sending email and working on documents together.  Once created, a Group includes a shared inbox, calendar, storage for group files and folders and a shared OneNote notebook.

IS Guide to Office 365

IS guide to using Office 365 Groups

You should meet on campus rather than in a personal space (such as someone's flat).  Study space for groups is available in the Main Library, at King’s Buildings and in teaching rooms across the campus. Some rooms can be booked in advance.  

Group study space

Go further

Develop your group and team skills

You might want to develop your group working skills through extra-curricular activities such as helping to run a club or society, volunteering, getting involved in a social enterprise or a peer learning or peer support project. These experiences can be invaluable for improving confidence and learning to work as a team.

Employers value these sorts of experiences and you can use them to work towards an Edinburgh Award.

Students’ Association societies

Students’ Association volunteering

Students’ Association social enterprise

Students' Association Peer Learning and Support projects

Edinburgh Award

Use reflection

Reflecting on your recent experience of group working  will help you to identify your strengths and help you to identify areas you need to work on to become a more effective team contributor. You can use the University’s Reflection Toolkit to help you do this.

Reflection toolkit