Cristina Marinho

Teaching Fellow

  • Psychology
  • School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences

Contact details



Room S29, Psychology Building

7 George Square, Edinburgh
Post code


  • Office hours:
    Monday 12pm to 2pm


I received my doctorate in Social Psychology from the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University. Under the supervision of Professor Michael Billig, I investigated the annual celebration of the April Revolution in the Portuguese Parliament mostly using qualitative research methods. 

Previously, I undertook a Master’s Degree in Social Psychology at ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, investigating, under the supervision of Professor Maria Benedicta Monteiro, blatant and subtitle prejudice in children with experiments and worked as a young quantitative researcher in Social Psychology studying political attitudes, infra-humanization, power and intergroup perceptions at the Institute of Social Sciences (ICS-University of Lisbon) and CIS-IUL (Lisbon). I also worked as a University Teacher at Loughborough University, Leicester University and NTIC-Nottingham Trent University. 

Undergraduate teaching

Social Psychology (Year 1) 

Research Methods & Statistics (Year 3) 

Psychology Mini-Dissertation (Year 3) 

Critical Analysis (Year 3)

Psychology Tutorial Course (Year 4) (2018-2019)

Honours Dissertation (Year 4)

Postgraduate teaching

Qualitative Methodologies in Psychological Research

The Social Psychology of Identities


Research summary

My research interests revolve around investigating traditional social psychological topics as discursive actions using a rhetorical/discursive psychology approach. Topics of interest: political ideology/practices, manipulation/persuasion, dilemmas of identity, extreme forms of prejudice/discrimination, rhetorical/discursive psychology.

I have worked with Professor Michael Billig (Loughborough University) on the annual parliamentary celebration of the April Revolution and investigated discursively the topics of self-persuasion in party politics, forms of manipulating texts and multi-party audiences, forms of collective remembering and collective forgetting/repression, and, sexist language habits. 

Selected publications:

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2020). Metonymy, myth and politicians doing things with words: Examples from the Portuguese celebration of April 25. Pratiques Psychologiques, 26(4), 265-278.

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2019). Literal and Metaphorical Silences in Rhetoric: Examples from the Celebration of the 1974 Revolution in the Portuguese Parliament. In A. J. Murray and K. Durrheim (eds), Qualitative studies of silence: The unsaid as social action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2017). The politics and rhetoric of commemoration: How the Portuguese Parliament celebrates the 1974 Revolution. London: Bloomsbury (Academic Series).

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2015). Rhetoric and Psychology: ending the dominance of nouns. In J. Martin, J. Sugarman and K. Slaney (eds), The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Methods, Approaches, and New Directions for Social Science (pp. 117-132). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2014). Manipulating information and manipulating people: examples from the Portuguese parliamentary celebration of the April Revolution. Critical Discourse Studies, 11(2), 158-174.

Marinho, C., & Billig, M. (2013). The CDS-PP and the Portuguese Parliament’s annual celebration of the 1974 Revolution: ambivalence and avoidance in the construction of the fascist past. In R. Wodak and J. E. Richardson (eds.), Analysing Fascist Discourse: European fascism in talk and text (pp. 146-162). London: Routledge.