Cristina Marinho

Teaching Fellow

  • Psychology
  • School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences

Contact details



Room S29, Psychology Building

7 George Square, Edinburgh
Post code


  • Office hours: Mondays from 11am to 1pm


I received my doctorate in Social Psychology from the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University. Under the supervision of Professor Michael Billig, I investigated the annual celebration of the April Revolution in the Portuguese Parliament mostly using qualitative methods.  Previously, I undertook a Master’s Degree in Social Psychology at ISCTE-UL, Lisbon, investigating, with experiments, blatant and subtitle prejudice in children and worked as a young researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences, Lisbon.   

After my PhD, I have continued to work with Michael Billig on the annual parliamentary celebration of the April Revolution and have investigated discursively the topics of self-persuasion in party politics, forms of manipulating texts and multi-party audiences, forms of collective remembering and collective forgetting/repression, and, sexist language habits. I also worked as a university teacher at Loughborough University and NTIC-Nottingham Trent University.  


Selected publications:

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (in press). Literal and Metaphorical Silences in Rhetoric: Examples from the Celebration of the 1974 Revolution in the Portuguese Parliament. In A. J. Murray and K. Durrheim (eds), Qualitative studies of silence: The unsaid as social action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2017). The politics and rhetoric of commemoration: How the Portuguese Parliament celebrates the 1974 Revolution. London: Bloomsbury (Academic Series).

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2015). Rhetoric and Psychology: ending the dominance of nouns. In J. Martin, J. Sugarman and K. Slaney (eds), The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Methods, Approaches, and New Directions for Social Science (pp. 117-132). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Billig, M., & Marinho, C. (2014). Manipulating information and manipulating people: examples from the Portuguese parliamentary celebration of the April Revolution. Critical Discourse Studies, 11(2), 158-174.

Marinho, C., & Billig, M. (2013). The CDS-PP and the Portuguese Parliament’s annual celebration of the 1974 Revolution: ambivalence and avoidance in the construction of the fascist past. In R. Wodak and J. E. Richardson (eds.), Analysing Fascist Discourse: European fascism in talk and text (pp. 146-162). London: Routledge.

Undergraduate teaching

Social Psychology (Year 1) (2018-2019)

Research Methods & Statistics (Year 3) (2018-2019)

Psychology Mini-Dissertation (Year 3) (2018-2019)

Psychology Tutorial Course (Year 4) (2018-2019)

Honours Dissertation (Year 4) (2018-2019)

Postgraduate teaching

Qualitative Methodologies in Psychological Research (2018-2019)

The Social Psychology of Identities (2018-2019)