Tsung-Lun Alan Wan

Thesis title: Recognizing Hard of Hearing Speech in Taiwan: Re-approaching the pathologized sociolinguistic community(/ies)

Linguistics and English Language

Year of study: 1

  • Linguistics and English Language
  • School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences

Contact details

PhD supervisors:



Dugald Stewart Building

3 Charles Street, Edinburgh
Post code


I am currently pursuing my PhD degree in Linguistics and English Language, as the grantee of Taiwan Government's Study Abroad in Linguistics from 2018 to 2022. 

I am insterested in relating sociolinguistics to cultural studies and human geography. My project is concerned with Hard of Hearing Mandarin speech in Taiwan. First, I would like to use sociophonetics methods to loyally represent the variety(/ies) of this community. Second, I aim to re-approach Hard of Hearing people as a sociolinguistic community through the lens of sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology and applied linguistics.  Third, I hope to contribute to Disability studies as through Taiwan's Hard of Hearing community(/ies), expanding the possibilities of social intervention of sociolinguistics. 

I obtained my Bachelor of Science in Geography from National Taiwan University and Master of Arts in Language Studies from National University of Singapore. Before moving to Edinburgh, I worked with Furbright American English teacher from 2016 to 2017 in Kinmen island, and established the Division of Linguistics in Topedia International Education, which expands Linguistics education to junior high and high schools in Taiwan and China. Four of my personal students were selected as candidates for Taiwan's national team of International Linguistics Olympiad (2018). 


PDF icon 88710.pdf


July 2016 - June 2017

  • M.A.  Language Studies  (National University of Singapore)

September 2011 - February 2016

  • B.S. Geography (National Taiwan University)
    • Early graduation 

Research summary

  • Hard of Hearing Mandarin studies

I treat Hard of Hearing as a social category which contributes to the speaker's linguistic production. Hard of Hearing people usually are not signed language signers; they are more aligned with spoken language. Since the idea of Hard of Hearing  is not necessarily an imagined community, I am looking at how we can approach Hard of Hearing Mandarin as a multiple Mandarin varieties which belong to a diasporic community. 

  • Metalinguistic discourse in World Englishes contact

I am also currently  working on approaching language ideology as a product of stance taking in an online group where Taiwanese in Singapore gather. I aim to tackle against the idea of foreigners' attitude towards Singlish as an innate, fixed set of ideologies.  

Current project grants

Taiwan Government Scholarship for Further Study (LINGUISTICS)