VLE Learning Analytics
Since 2014 Information Services have been exploring some Learning Analytics options within the VLEs. Projects and tools include those which allow students to see some of their own data, to help them understand their activity and learning patterns.
Student Data from VLEs
What data the VLEs collect
In order to function, a Virtual Learning Environment has to identify each user on login, and match that user identity with actions, e.g. opening a file, posting to a discussion board, completing a quiz. VLEs also record information such as login times, login duration, location, and activity whilst logged on, attendance, formative and summative grades, and other activity directly related to coursework. Only some of this data is available to staff users through the VLE interface.
Who can see the data
Only teaching staff, designated administrative staff, and designated technical support staff can access some of this data inside the VLE.
What happens to the data
All of this data is held securely inside the VLE database. Some grades, once finalised, may be transferred into student systems (such as EUCLID) and thus into the student transcript: this is managed locally by schools.
What staff can do with this data
In addition to the ways in which the VLE’s tools call on this data for core functionality, you can access a variety of reports and tools to gain an overview of student activity within your course, to analyse the effectiveness of specific modules or tools, and alert you to items in need of attention. This may include an alert if an individual student has not accessed the course, or a specified part of the course, for some time.
You may also extract some activity data on individual students in order to discuss that data with that student, including identifying potential support needs.
Some anonymised and aggregated data, such as the class average score for a test, may be made available to all students on the course.
What staff cannot do with this data
You may not extract the data from the VLE and hold it elsewhere in a potentially insecure area.
You may not extract the data and use it for purposes other than direct student support or course development. For example, any research which you may wish to do on patterns of activity as reflected in the student data for your course, would be regarded as a separate research project and would require the necessary ethics committee approval, including a statement on data management and planning, as with any other research involving personal data.
We have developed a "Course and Student Performance" self-enrol course for staff which illustrates the many built-in tools and reports for extracting and analysing data about content and student activity.
To enrol, login to Learn and go to the "self-enrol" tab. The course is listed in the Staff self-enrol module.
University of Edinburgh Links
General Learning Analytics Links
Learning Anaytics Community Exchange (LACE) EU project