4. Silence transformed: the third Reformation 1500-1700
'Silence transformed: the third Reformation 1500-1700', lecture 4 in Professor Diarmaid MacCulloch's Gifford lecture series on silence and Christianity
The noisiness of Protestantism, particularly exacerbated by the end of monasticism, unsuccessfully countered in the Church of Zürich but transcended first among radical Reformers (especially Caspar Schwenckfeld and Sebastian Franck) and a century later by the Society of Friends. The difficulties of contemplatives in the Counter-Reformation, where activism was the characteristic of the new foundations of Jesuits and Ursulines, and the problems faced by such revivals as the Discalced Carmelites. The troubles of Madame Guyon and Quietists.