Learning outcomes

The programme will enable the acquisition of a range of transferable skills, such as report writing, giving presentations, and time and project management.

Working cows

Welfare for all animals

You will be able to:

  • discuss the meanings and definitions of animal welfare. You will also be able to describe how the concepts of animal welfare have changed over time and in different parts of the world
  • discuss how animal learning and motivation affects welfare. You will also be able to explain how animal cognition and consciousness affect animal quality of life
  • describe the concepts of stress, pain and suffering and how these relate to animal welfare
  • describe the present and likely future uses of animals in research, testing and education
  • analyse how the principles of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement (three Rs) have been implemented in peer reviewed scientific literature involving animal use and alternative methods
  • describe the main welfare issues of animals in laboratories, and apply knowledge of appropriate methodologies to assess welfare

Ethics, policy and law

You will be able to:

  • discuss the animal welfare policy and recommendations made by governments and other groups. You will also be able to describe how economics affects animal welfare policy
  • describe animal welfare law around the globe and discuss the enforcement issues

International and global issues

You will be able to:

  • describe the use of animals for food and discuss the patterns and changes in global animal agriculture over time
  • explain the effects that different housing and husbandry systems have on animals and discuss the associated welfare issues
  • discuss the welfare consequences of live animal transport, markets and slaughter of animals across the globe
  • review the cultural, social and historical influences on our attitudes to dogs and cats
  • discuss infectious disease control; rabies in Europe, India and the USA
  • discuss the dilemmas that can arise from conflicting concerns for individual animal welfare and the conservation of species, populations or communities