Conservation Science


You can find a selection of publications from members of our group here.


Hughes, E.C., Anderson, N.E. 2020. Zoonotic pathogens of dromedary camels in Kenya: a systematised review. Veterinary Sciences, 7:103.

Nicolas de Francisco, O., Esperón, F., Juan-Sallés, C., Ewbank, A.C., das Neves, C.G., Marco, A., Neves, E., Anderson, N.E., Sacristán, C. 2020. Neoplasms and novel gammaherpesviruses in critically endangered captive European minks (Mustela lutreola). Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 00:1–13.

Taggart, M.A., Shore, R.F., Pain, D.J., Peniche, G., Martinez-Haro, M., Mateo, R., Homann, J., Raab, A., Feldmann, J., Lawlor, A.J., Potter, E.D. 2020. Concentration and origin of lead (Pb) in liver and bone of Eurasian buzzards (Buteo buteo) in the United Kingdom. Environmental Pollution 267:115629.




Schilling, A.-K., van Hooij, A., Corstjens, P., Lurz, P. W. W., DelPozo, J., Stevenson, K., Meredith, A., Geluk, A. 2019. Detection of humoral immunity to mycobacteria causing leprosy in Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) using a quantitative rapid test. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 65:49. Doi: 10.1007/s10344-019-1287-1

Hardouin, E. A., Baltazar-Soares, M., Schilling, A.-K., Butler, H., Garcia-Rodriguez, O., Crowley, E., Liang, W.-J., Meredith, A., Lurz, P. W., Forster, J., Kenward, R. E., Hodder, K. H. 2019. Conservation of genetic uniqueness in remaining populations of red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris L.) in the South of England. Ecology and Evolution, 00:1-12. Doi: 10.1002/ece3.5233

Schilling, A.-K., Avanzi, C., Ulrich, R. G., Busso, P., Pisanu, B., Ferrari, N., Romeo, C., Mazzamuto, M. V., McLuckie, J., Shuttleworth, C. M., Del-Pozo, J., Lurz, P.W.W., Escalante-Fuentes, W. G., Ocampo-Candiani, J., Vera-Cabrera, L., Stevenson, K., Chapuis, J.-L., Meredith, A. L., Cole, S. T. 2019. British Red Squirrels Remain the Only Known Wild Rodetn Host for Leprosy Bacilli. frontiers in Veterinary Science (6): 8. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00008
Tio-Coma, M., Wijnands, T., Pierneef, L., Schilling, A.-K., Alam, K., Roy, J. C., Faber, W. R., Menke, H., Pieters, T., Stevenson, K., Richardus, J. H., Geluk, A. 2019. Detection of Mycobacterium leprae DNA in soil; Multiple needled in the haystack? Scientific reports. 9 (1): 3165. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-39746-6
Schilling, A.-K., Del-Pozo, J., Lurz, P. W. W., Stevenson, K., Avanzi, C., Shuttleworth, C. M., Cole, S. T., Meredith, A. L. 2019. Leprosy in red squirrels in the UK. Veterinary Record 184(13): 416. doi: 10.1136/vr.l1385

Girling, S.J., Goodman, G., Burr, P., Pizzi, R., Naylor, A., Cole, G., Brown, D., Fraser, M., Narve Rosell, F., Schwab, G., Elliott, M., Campbell-Palmer, R. 2019. Evidence of Leptospira species and their significance during reintroduction of Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber) to Great Britain. Veterinary Record 185. doi:10.1136/ vetrec-2019-105429  



Wernike, K., Wylezich, C., Hoeper, D., Schneider, J. , Lurz, P. W. W., Meredith, A., Milne, E., Beer, M., Ulrich, R. G. 2018. Widespread occurence of squirrel adenovirus 1 in red and grey squirrels in Scotland detected by a novel real-time PCR assay. Virus Research 257: 113-118;

Meredith, A., Bacon, A., Allan, B., Kitchener, A., Senn, H., Brooks, S., Kortland, K., Hetherington, D., Davies, S. 2018. Domestic cat Neutering to preserve the Scottish wildcat. Veterinary Record, 183, 1, p. 27-28.

Serna, H.; Pocknell, A.; Sainsbury, AW. Peniche G, Blake DP & Beckmann KM. 2018. Eimeria spp. in captive-reared corncrakes (Crex crex): results of a GeneScan assay consistent with high prevalence of infection and extra-intestinal life stages, Avian Pathology, DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2018.1451621

Bowser, N. & Anderson, N. 2018 Dogs (Canis familiaris) as Sentinels for Human Infectious Disease and Applicaiton to Canadian Populations: a Systematic Review. Veterinary Sciences.

Alderton, S., MacLeod, E.Anderson, N., Palmer, G., Machila, N., Simuunza, M., Welburn, S. & Atkinson, P. M.  2018. An Agent-based Model of Tsetse Fly Response to Seasonal Climatic Drivers: Assessing the Impact on Sleeping Sickness Transmission Rates.  Neglected Tropical Diseases. 12, 2, e0006188.



Lurz, P., Krauze-Gryz, D., Gryz, J., Meredith, A., Schilling, A., Thain, C. & Heller, E.  2017. Invisible threats to native mammals - mercury levels in three Eurasian red squirrel populations. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy .28, 2, p. 280-283
Peniche G., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez J; Shinto J; Macgregor S., Durrant C., Cunningham A., Lawson B. 2017. Nested PCR for Suttonella ornithocola reveals widespread infection in British Paridae species.  European Journal of Wildlife Research 63:50
Walker, D., Gregory, W. F., Turnbull, D., Rocchi, M., Meredith, A. L.Philbey, A. W. & Sharp, C. P. 2017. Novel adenoviruses detected in British mustelids, including a unique Aviadenovirus in the tissues of pine martens (Martes martes). Journal of Medical Microbiology. 66, 8, p. 1172-1182
Scoones, I., Dzingirai, V., Anderson, N.MacLeod, E., Mangwanya, L., Matawa, F., Murwira, A., Nyakupinda, L., Shereni, W. & Welburn, S.  2017. People, patches and parasites: the case of trypaniosomiasis in Zimbabwe. Human Ecology. 45, 5, p. 643-654.
Leach M, Bett B, Said M, Bukachi S, Sang R, Anderson N, Machila N, Kuleszo J, Schaten K, Dzingirai V, et al: Local disease–ecosystem–livelihood dynamics: reflections from comparative case studies in Africa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2017, 372.
Black, Y., Meredith, A. & Price, S. J. 2017. Detection and reporting of ranavirus in amphibians: Evaluation of the roles of the world organisation for animal health and the published literature. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 53, 3, p. 509-520
Cantlay, J., Ingram, D. & Meredith, A. 2017. A review of zoonotic infection risks associated with the wild meat trade in Malaysia. Ecohealth. 14, 2, p. 361-388
Smith, S., Stevenson, K., Del-Pozo, J.Moss, S. & Meredith, A. May 2017. Atypical histiocytosis in red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris). Journal of Comparative Pathology. 156, 4, p. 446-450
Fiegna, C., Clarke, C. L., Shaw, D.Baily, J., Clare, F. C., Gray, A., Garner, T. W. J. & Meredith, A. 2017. Pathological and Phylogenetic characterisation of Amphibiothecum sp. infection in an isolated amphibian (Lissotriton helveticus) population on the island of Rum (Scotland). Parasitology. 144, 4, p. 484-496 
Bosch, S., Lurz, P. W. W. & Meredith, A. L. 2017. Lepra-Erreger in britische Eichhoernchen: Aussatz unter den Wipfelstuermern. Biologie in unserer Zeit. 47, 1, p. 37-39
Tolpinrud, A., O’Brien, MF., Justice, WSM., Barrows, M., Steele, S., Gent, S. & Meredith, A.  2017. Infrared Thermography as a Diagnostic Tool for Pododermatitis in Captive Greater Flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus). Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research.


Avanzi, C., Del-Pozo, J., Benjak, A., Stevenson, K., Simpson, V. R., Busson, P., McLuckie, J., Loiseau, C., Lawton, C., Schoening, J., Shaw, D., Piton, J., Vera-Cabrera, L., Velarde-Felix, J. S., McDermott, F., Gordon, S. V., Cole, S. T. & Meredith, A.  2016. Red squirrels in teh British Isles are infected with leprosy bacilli. Science. 354, 6313, p. 744-747
Walker, D., Fee , S., Hartley, G., Learmount, J., O'Hagan, M., Meredith, A.Bronsvoort, M.Porphyre, T.Sharp, C. & Philbey, A. 2016. Serological and molecular epidemiology of canine adenovirus type 1 in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in the United Kingdom. Scientific Reports. 6, 12 p., 36051
Sainsbury AW; Yu‐Mei R; Ågren E; Vaughan‐Higgins RJ; Mcgill IS; Molenaar F; Peniche G and Foster J. 2016. Disease Risk Analysis and Post‐Release Health Surveillance for a Reintroduction Programme: the Pool Frog Pelophylax lessonae. Transboundary and emerging diseases 64:5 1530-1548
Peniche G; Olson PD; Bennett DJ; Wong L; Sainsbury AW & Durrant C. 2016. Protecting free-living dormice: molecular identification of cestode parasites in captive dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius) destined for reintroduction. EcoHealth, 1-11
Goodman, G.Meredith, A., Girling, S., Rosell, F. & Campbell-palmer, R. 2016. Outcomes of a 'One Health' Monitoring Approach to a Five-Year Beaver (Castor fiber) Reintroduction Trial in Scotland. Ecohealth, 2017, 14(1), pp. 139-143.
Ballingall, K., McIntyre, A., Lin, Z., Timmerman, N., Matthysen, E., Lurz, P. W. W., Melville, L., Wallace, A., Meredith, A., Romeo, C., Wauters, L., Sainsbury, A. W. & McInnes, C. J. 2016. Limited diversity associated with duplicated class II MHC-DRB genes in the red squirrel population in the United Kingdom compared with continental Europe. Conservation genetics. 
Fiegna, C., Dagleish, M. P., Coulter, L., Milne, E.Meredith, A., Finlayson, J., Di Nardo, A. & Mcinnes, C. J. 2016. Host-pathogen dynamics of squirrelpox virus infection in red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris). Veterinary Microbiology. 182, p. 18-27
Alderton, S., Macleod, E. T.Anderson, N. E., Schaten, K., Kuleszo, J., Simuunza, M., Welburn, S. C. & Atkinson, P. M.  2016. A Multi-Host Agent-Based Model for Zoonotic, Vector Borne Disease. A case Study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 10, 12, e0005252.
Anderson NE, Bessell PR, Mubanga J, Thomas R, Eisler MC, Fevre EM, Welburn SC: Ecological Monitoring and Health Research in Luambe National Park, Zambia: Generation of Baseline Data Layers. Ecohealth 2016, 13:511-524.
Shereni, W., Anderson, N. E., Nyakupinda, L. & Cecchi, G.  2016. Spatial distribution and trypanosome infection of tsetse flies in the sleeping sickness focus of Zimbabwe in Hurungwe District. Parasites and Vectors. 9, 1, p. 605
White, A., Lurz, P. W. W., Bryce, J., Tonkin, M., Ramoo, K., Bamforth, L., Jarrott, A. & Boots, M. 2016. Modelling disease spread in real landscapes: Squirrelpox spread in Southern Scotland as a case study. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 27, 1.
Macpherson, M. F., Davidson, R. S., Duncan, D. B., Lurz, P. W., Jarrott, A., & White, A. 2016. Incorporating habitat distribution in wildlife disease models: conservation implications for the threat of squirrelpox on the Isle of Arran. Animal Conservation.
Meredith, A. 2016. Interventions in wild animal health. Veterinary Record. 178, p. 440
Jones, H. E. M., White, A., Geddes, N., Clavey, P., Farries, J., Dearnley, T., Boots, M. & Lurz, P. W. W. 2016. Modelling the impact of forest design plans on an endangered mammal species: the Eurasian red squirrel. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 27, 1.
Bosch, S., Spiessl, M., Mueller, M., Lurz, P. W. W., & Haalboom, T. 2016. Mechatronics meets biology: experiences and first results with a multipurpose small mammal monitoring unit used in red squirrel habitats. Hystrix 26:169–172. doi:10.4404/hystrix-26.2-11475
Jones, H.E.M, White, A., Lurz, P.W.W., Boots, M. & Shuttleworth, C.M. 2016. Mathematical Models of grey squirrel invasion: a case study on Anglesey. In: Grey Squirrels: Ecology & Management of an invasive species in Europe. C.M. Shuttleworth, P.W.W. Lurz & J. Gurnell. eds. European Squirrel Initiative.


Anderson, N. E., Mubanga, J., Machila, N., Atkinson, P. M., Dzingirai, V. & Welburn, S. C. 2015. Sleeping sickness and its relationship with development and biodiversity conservation in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. Parasites and Vectors. 8, 1, 224.
Meredith, A. L.Cleaveland, S. C.Brown, J.Mahajan, A. & Shaw, D. J. 2015. Seroprevalence of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats in Three Sites in teh United Kingdom. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 62, 2, p. 148-156
Hopkins TH; Peniche G; Murphy S;  Carter I; Shorrock G; Blunn G; Goodship AE andSainsbury AW. 2013. Shooting of a hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) confirmed through advanced imaging and spectroscopy. Veterinary Records Case Report 3:1
White, A., Lurz, P.W.W., Jones, H.E., Boots, M., Bryce, J., Tonkin, M., Ramoo, K., Bamforth, L. & Jarrott, A. 2015. The use of mathematical models in red squirrel conservation: Assessing the threat from grey invasion and disease to the Fleet basin stronghold. In: Red Squirrels: Ecology, Conservation & Management in Europe. C.M. Shuttleworth, P.W.W. Lurz & Warrington-Hayward, M. eds. Red Squirrel Survival Trust.
Meredith, A., Cleaveland, S., Denwood, M. J., Brown, J. & Shaw, D. 2015. Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) seroprevalence in prey and predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of infection in wild rodents, foxes and domestic cats using a modified ELISA. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 62, 6, p. 639-649
Grant C, Anderson N, Machila N: Stakeholder Narratives on Trypanosomiasis, Their Effect on Policy and the Scope for One Health. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2015, 9:e0004241.


White, A., Bell, S.S., Lurz, P.W.W. and Boots, M. 2014. Conservation management within strongholds in the face of disease-mediated invasions: red and grey squirrels as a case study. Journal of Applied Ecology. 51 1631-1642.
Meredith, A.Del-Pozo, J.Smith, S.Milne, E., Stevenson, K. & Mcluckie, J. 2014. Leprosy in red squirrels in Scotland. Veterinary Record. 175, 11, p. 285-286
Nishiyama, S., Dutia, B. M., Stewart, J. P., Meredith, A. L.Shaw, D. J.Simmonds, P. & Sharp, C. P. 2014 The identification of novel anelloviruses with broad diversity in UK rodents. Journal of General Virology. 95, 7, p. 1544-1553


Burthe, S., Newell, M. A., Goodman, G., Butler, A., Bregnballe, T., Harris, E., Wanless, S., Cunningham, E. J. A. & Daunt, F.  2013. Endoscopy as a novel method for assessing endoparasite burdens in free-ranging European shags (Phalacrocorax aristotelis). Methods in ecology and evolution. 4, 3, p. 207-216
Simpson S; Blampied N; Peniche G; Dozières A; Blackett T; Coleman S; Cornish N and Groombridge JJ. 2013. Genetic structure of Introduced populations: 120-year-old DNA footprint of historical introduction in an insular small mammal population. Ecology and Evolution 3: 3: 614-628
Burrells, A., Bartley, P. M., Zimmer, I. A., Roy, S., Kitchener, A. C., Meredith, A., Wright, S. E., Innes, E. A. & Katzer, F. 2013. Evidence of the three main clonal Toxoplasma gondii lineages from wild mammalian carnivores in the UK. Parasitology.FirstView, p. 1-9
Goodman, G.Hedley, J. & Meredith, A. 2013. Field techniques in zoo and wildlife conservation work. Journal of exotic pet medicine. 22, 1, p. 58-64
Cousquer, G. 2013. Being a badger's advocate. In Practice. 35, 6, p. 350-351


Gavier-Widen, D., Meredith, A., Duff, J. P. & Eatwell, K.  2012. Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe. Wiley-Blackwell. 568 p.
Meredith, A., Surguine, K., Handel, I.Bronsvoort, M.Beard, P., Thorton, S., Wesche, P., Hart, M., Anderson, D. & Dennis, R. 2012. Hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for wild osprey nestlings (Pandion haliaetus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 43, 3, p. 459-465
Auty, H., Anderson, N.Picozzi, K., Lembo, T., Mubanga, J., Hoare, R., Fyumagwa, R. D., Mable, B., Hamill, L.Cleaveland, S. & Welburn, S. C. 2012 Trypanosome Diversity in Wildlife Species from the Serengeti and Luangwa Valley Ecosystems.  PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6, 10, 10 p., e1828.
Carson, M., Meredith, A. L.Shaw, D. J., Giotis, E. S., Lloyd, D. H. & Loeffler, A. 2012 Foxes as a potential wildlife reservoir for mecA-positive Staphylococci. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 12, 7, p. 583-58
Bartley, P. M., Wright, S. E., Zimmer, I. A., Roy, S., Kitchener, A. C., Meredith, A., Innes, E. A. & Katzer, F. 2012Detection of Neospora caninum in wild carnivorans in Great Britain. Veterinary Parasitology. E-pub 30 October
Smith, D. B., McFadden, N., Blundell, R. J., Meredith, A. & Simmonds, P. 2012Diversity of murine norovirus in wild-rodent populations: species-specific associations suggest an ancient divergence. Journal of General Virology. 93, Pt 2, p. 259-266
Goodman, G., Girling, S., Pizzi, R., Meredith, A., Rosell, F. & Campbell-Palmer, R. 2012. Establishment of a health surveillance program for reintroduction of the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) into Scotland. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 48, 4, p. 971-8


Peniche G; Vaughan-Higgins R; Carter I; Pocknell A; Simpson D and Sainsbury AW. 2011. Long-term health effects of harness-mounted radio-transmitters in red kites (Milvus milvus) in England. Veterinary Record 169,311
Anderson NE, Mubanga J, Fevre EM, Picozzi K, Eisler MC, Thomas R, Welburn SC: Characterisation of the Wildlife Reservoir Community for Human and Animal Trypanosomiasis in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2011, 5:e1211.


Everest, D. J., Stidworthy, M. F., Milne, E.Meredith, A. L., Chantrey, J., Shuttleworth, C., Blackett, T., Butler, H., Wilkinson, M. & Sainsbury, A. W. Dec 2010. Retrospective detection by negative contrast electron microscopy of faecal viral particles in free-living wild red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) with suspected enteropathy in Great Britain. Veterinary Record. 167, 26, p. 1007-1010
Everest, D. J., Grierson, S. S., Meredith, A. L. & Milne, E. 2010. Adenovirus in a red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) from Scotland. Veterinary Record. 167, 5, p. 184 
LaRose, J. P., Meredith, A. L., Everest, D. J., Fiegna, C., McInnes, C. J., Shaw, D. J. & Milne, E. M. 2010. Epidemiological and postmortem findings in 262 red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) in Scotland, 2005 to 2009. Veterinary Record. 167, 8, p. 297-302
Cousquer, G. O. & Cobb, M. A. 2010. Conjunctival flora in tawny owl (Strix aluco). Veterinary Record. 166, 21, p. 652-4


Everest, D. J., Dastjerdi, A., Gurrala, R., Banks, M., Meredith, A. L.Milne, E. M. & Sainsbury, A. W. 2009. Rotavirus in red squirrels from Scotland. Veterinary Record. 165, 15, p. 450-450
McInnes, C. J., Coulter, L., Dagleish, M. P., Fiegna, C., Gilray, J., Willoughby, K., Cole, M., Milne, E.Meredith, A., Everest, D. J. & MacMaster, A. M. 2009 First cases of squirrelpox in red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) in Scotland. Veterinary Record. 164, 17, p. 528-531


Lurz, P. W. W., Shirley, M. D. F., Geddes, N. 2008 Monitoring low density populaitons: a perspective on what level of population decline can truly detect. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 31:29-39.


Goodman, G., Rhind, S. & Meredith, A. 2007.Successful treatment of a squamous cell carcinoma in a white rhinoceros, Ceratotherium simum.  Veterinary Dermatology. 18, 6, p. 460-463
Halliday, J. E. B., Meredith, A. L., Knobel, D. L., Shaw, D. J.Bronsvoort, M. & Cleaveland, S. 2007. A framework for evaluating animals as sentinels for infectious disease surveillance. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 4, 16, p. 973-84
Cousquer, G. O., Dankoski, E. J. & Patterson-Kane, J. C.  2007. Metabolic bone disease in wild collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto). Veterinary Record. 160, 3, p. 78-84


Cousquer, G. O. 2006Severe lead poisoning and an abdominal foreign body in a mute swan (Cygnus olor). The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice. 9, 3, p. 503-10
Cousquer, G. O. & Patterson-Kane, J. C. 2006Cholelithiasis and chronic cholangiohepatitis in a mute swan (Cygnus olor).  Veterinary Record. 158, 5, p. 166-7


Cousquer, G. 2005. Ingluvitis and oesophagitis in wild finches. Veterinary Record. 157, 15, p. 455
Cousquer, G. 2005. Ophthalmological findings in free-licing tawny owls (Strix aluco) examined at a wildlife veterinary hospital.  Veterinary Record. 156, 23, p. 734-9 


Cousquer, G.  2004. Analysis of tracheal sputum for diagnosing and monitoring verminous pneumonia in hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus).  Veterinary Record. 154, 11, p. 332-3


Perrins, C. M., Cousquer, G. & Waine, J. 2003. A survey of blood lead levels in Mute Swan Cygnus olor.  Avian Pathology. 32, 2, p. 205-12