Animal research


The University reports the number of animals that are used in research by species each year.

In 2018, the University carried out 194,174 scientific procedures involving animals. The vast majority of these involved rodents, predominantly mice and rats (79.9%), and fish (17.5%). Client-owned pet dogs were involved in studies at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies aimed at improving care for sick animals. (See: Vitamin d in study spotlight).

Species Number Percentage
Rodents 154,922 79.9%
Fish 33,988 17.5%
Birds 3,691 1.9%
Agricultural species (cattle, sheep, pigs) 1046 0.5%
Animals monitored in the wild (sheep, deer, red squirrels, golden eagles) 447 0.2%
Frogs 72 <0.1%

Dogs (client-owned pets taking part in studies at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies)

8 <0.1%


Severity statistics

Each regulated procedure is assigned a severity which describes the animals experience.

Severity statistics