Jack Reed (PhD candidate)

Thesis title: The Influence of Mobile Devices and Social Media on the Transfer of Learning in Residential Outdoor Experiences


Jack completed an MSc in Outdoor Education at the University of Edinburgh in January 2020 and began his PhD candidature in October 2020. With experience in delivering both individual and collaborative research projects in outdoor learning, Jack has coordinated research in digital-based learning, learning communities, and the effectiveness of adventure pedagogy on the transfer of learning. He is also a member of the Moray House School of Education and Sport Research Ethics Committee and is the Video and Social Media editor at the Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education.

Jack was awarded a judges commendation for his MSc thesis at the British Educational Reseach Association Masters Dissertation Awards.   

His PhD will evaluate the impact of mobile technologies and networked spaces on residential outdoor education experiences for young people. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, his research focuses on whether and/or how networked spaces, such as social media and gaming, affect how populations perceive and interact with nature. Jack's current theoretical interests are situated within postdigital and assemblage theory studies.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6701-6531


  • BSc (Hons) - Physical Education and Coaching (University of Gloucestershire)
  • MSc - Outdoor Education (University of Edinburgh).        


Research summary

  • Outdoor and environmental education
  • Technology, social media, and education
  • Learning communities
  • Place-based education

Peer reviewing

  • Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education
  • Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning
  • Leisure Studies
  • Networking Knowledge
  • Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership


  • Reed, J. (2023). Instructor perspectives on mobile technologies and social media in practice: Findings from the United Kingdom's Outward Bound Trust. Journal of Experiential Education, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/10538259231186774

  • Reed, J. (2023). Mobile technologies, social media and gaming in outdoor education: Where to from here?. Horizons, 102, 16-18.

  • Reed, J. (2023). Netflix, Minecraft and TikTok at the Outward Bound Trust. Horizons, 101, 16-18.
  • Reed, J. (2023). Outdoor instructor perceptions on mobile technologies and portable comfort zones. Horizons, 100, 15-18.

  • Beames, S. K., & Reed, J. (2023). Adventure sports, social media, and environmental activism. In D. Svensson, E. Backman, S. Hedenborg & S. Sörlin (Eds.), Sport, Performance and Sustainability (pp. 33-49). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003283324-5 
  • Reed, J. (2023). Outdoor instructor perceptions on mobile technologies and portable comfort zones. Horizons, 100, 15-18.
  • Gilkes, N., Wintle, J., & Reed, J. (2023). A small-scale evaluation of instructional approaches and perspectives on the benefits of adventurous education for young people. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2022.2160993


  • Reed, J. (2022). “Young people just want to talk about it”: Why technology in the outdoors should not be the elephant in the room. Horizons, 99, 12-14.
  • Reed, J. (2022). The methodology wars and outdoor and environmental education: Feminism, positivism, and causation. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 25(3), 313-327. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42322-022-00103-3 
  • Reed, J. (2022). Postdigital outdoor and environmental education. Postdigital Science and Education, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-022-00323-2 
  • Reed, J., Dunn, C., Beames S., & Stonehouse, P. (2022). E'Ride on!': The Zwift platform as a space for leisure. Leisure Studies. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2022.2088836
  • Reed, J. (2022). Review of the book "Collective capacity building: Shaping education and communication in knowledge society", by S. Sava, C. Borca & G. Clitan. Studies in the Education of Adults, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1080/02660830.2022.2053246.
  • Reed, J., van Kraalingen, I., & Hills, D. (Eds.). (2022). Digital Technology and Networked Spaces in Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning [Call for papers]. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. Information here: https://bit.ly/3JhYmEj.

  • Reed, J., & Dunn, C. (2022). Life in 280 characters: Social media, belonging, and community during the Covid-19 pandemic. In R. Chan, R. Allen & K. Bista (Eds.), Online teaching and learning in higher education during COVID-19: International perspectives and experiences (pp. 81-92). Routledge.
  • van Kraalingen, I., Hills, D., Reed, J., Beames, S., & Munge, B. (2022). Digital technology and networked spaces in outdoor education: reflections upon presenting at an international webinar. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2022.2127112  
  • MacKenzie, A., Bacalja, A., Annamali, D., Panaretou, A., Girme, P., Cutajar, M., Abegglen, S., Evens, M., Neuhaus, F., Wilson, K., Psarikidou, K., Psarikidou, K., Koole, M., Hrastinski, S., Sturm, S., Adachi, C., Schnaider, K., Bozkurt, A., Rapanta, C., Themelis, C., Thestrup, K., Gislev, T., Örtegren, A.,  Costello, E., Dishon, G., Hoechsmann, M., Bucio, J., Vadillo, G., Sánchez-Mendiola, M., Goetz, G., Gusso, H. L., Arantes, J. A., Kishore, P., Lodahl, M., Suoranta, J., Markauskaite, L., Mörtsell, S., O’Reilly, T., Reed, J., Bhatt, I., Brown, C., MacCallum, K., Ackermann, C., Alexander, C., Payne, A. L., Bennett, R., Stone, C., Collier, A., Watulak, S. L., Jandric, P., Peters, M., & Gourlay, L. (2022). Dissolving the Dichotomies between Online and Campus-Based Teaching: A Collective Response to The Manifesto for Teaching Online (Bayne et al. 2020). Postdigital Science and Education, 4(2), 271-329. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-021-00259-z 


  • Reed, J., & Smith, H. (2021). “Everything we do will have an element of fear in it”: Challenging assumptions of fear for all in outdoor adventurous education. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. https://doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2021.1961092 
  • Reed, J. (2021). Fear in outdoor adventure education: Meaningful learning, or participant struggle? Horizons, 95(2021), 27-29.
  • Reed, J. (2021). What is the Postdigital? Why Might it Matter for Outdoor Experiential Education? Pathways: The Ontario Journal of Outdoor Education, 33(2), 28-31.