Anita Klingler

Thesis title: “Negotiating Violence: Public Discourses about Political Violence in Interwar Britain and Germany.” (passed)


2013-2014: MSc (Contemporary History), University of Edinburgh

2009-2013: MA Hons (English Language and History), University of Edinburgh

Undergraduate teaching

2017/2018: Themes in Modern European History, Tutor

2016/2017: Making of the Modern World, Tutor

2015/2016: European History 1b, Tutor

Research summary

My research interests lie broadly in twentieth century European history. While I have previously focused on the post-1945 era, and in particular on Germany, my PhD thesis takes a comparative approach to the interwar period, examining British and German attitudes towards political violence. I am further interested in colonial violence, the history of National Socialism and the Holocaust, 'coming to terms' with violent pasts, as well as contemporary history. Other areas I take an academic interest in include modern South Asian history, teaching history, and (thanks to my joint undergraduate degree) linguistics, especially code-switching, the sociolinguistics of multilingualism and translation studies.

Current research interests

My PhD research examines 'public language' in both interwar Britain and Germany and the negotiations therein around where the boundaries of legitimate or illegitimate violence lie in this period. It aims to contribute to an explanation as to why and how violence became an accepted, even attractive, option for conducting politics in Germany, while in Britain, notwithstanding the violent reality of British colonial rule overseas, it became increasingly less defensible in public discourse and consciousness.

Past research interests

MSc dissertation title: “Evaluating the First Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial (1963-1965) in Germany and Abroad”. MA (undergraduate) dissertation title: “Changes in Code-Switching Behaviour among Hindi-English Bilinguals in Northern India”.

Knowledge exchange

June-November 2020: Working on Lothian Lockdown Diary Project ( in data curation.

Affiliated research centres