Linguistics and English Language

Historical phonology reading group

Discussing recent and/or important work in historical phonology

The historical phonology reading group brings together a number of researchers from several areas of the university who all have interests in trying to understand phonological change. We meet every few weeks to discuss recent and/or important work in historical phonology (which we define as broadly as we like...). The group is convened by Patrick Honeybone. Feel free to get in touch if you would like to come.

Here is a list of our meetings:


  • 26th March 2018, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Blust, Robert (2017) 'Odd conditions: context-sensitive sound change in unexpected contexts.' Journal of Historical Linguistics 7, 322–371.
  • 14th December 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Anderson, Stephen R. (2016) 'Synchronic Versus Diachronic Explanation and the Nature of the Language Faculty.' Annual Review of Linguistics 2, 11–31.
  • 9th November 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Kavitskaya, Darya (2017) 'Compensatory lengthening and structure preservation revisited yet again.' In Bowern, C., Horn, L. & Zanuttini, R. (eds.) On Looking into Words (and Beyond): Structures, Relations, Analyses. Berlin: Language Science Press, 41–58.
  • 26th October 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Cohen Priva, Uriel (2017) 'Informativity and the actuation of lenition.' Language 93, 569–597.
  • 12th October 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17, DSB: Blevins, Juliette (2017) 'Areal sound patterns: from perceptual magnets to stone soup.' In Hickey, R. (ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Areal Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 88–121.


  • 27th April 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.01, DSB: Riad, Tomas (1995) 'The quantity shift in Germanic: a typology.' In Fix, H. (ed.) Quantitätsproblematik und Metrik: Greifswalder Symposion zur germanischen Grammatik. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 159–184.

  • 30th March 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.20: Seiler, Guido (2009) 'Sound change or analogy? Monosyllabic lengthening in German and some of its consequences.' The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 12, 229-272.
  • 10th March 2017, 12.10-1pm, room 7.01, DSB [NOTE UNUSUAL DAY AND TIME]: Goblirsch, Kurt (2009) 'A Historical Typology of the English Obstruent System.' Anglia: Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie 127, 176-207.
  • 23rd February 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 2.14, 50 George Square [NOTE UNUSUAL ROOM]: Fertig, David (2016) 'Mechanisms of paradigm leveling and the role of universal preferences in morphophonological change.' Diachronica 33, 423-460.
  • 26th January 2017, 1.10-2pm, room 1.20: Garrett, Andrew (2015) 'Sound change'. In Bowern, C. & Evans, B. (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics. Abingdon: Routledge, 227-248.
  • 15th December 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: de Carvalho, Fernando (2016) 'Internal and Comparative Reconstruction in Yawalapiti: Palatalization and Rule Telescoping.' International Journal of American Linguistics 82, 285-316.
  • 10th November 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Kaźmierski, Kamil (2015) 'Exaptation and phonological change.' Folia Linguistica Historica 36, 199–217.
  • 2nd November 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 7.05, DSB: Prichard, Hilary (2014) 'Northern dialect evidence for the chronology of the Great Vowel Shift.' Journal of Linguistic Geography 2, 87–102.
  • 27th October 2016, 2.10-3pm (NOTE UNUSUAL TIME and ROOM), room S38, 7 George Square: Tamminga, Meredith, MacKenzie, Laurel, & Embick, David (to appear) 'The dynamics of Variation in individuals'. To appear in Linguistic Variation. [Joint meeting with the Sociolinguistics Reading Group.]
  • 6th October 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.01, DSB: Kiparsky, Paul (to appear) 'Labov, Sound Change, and Phonological Theory.' To appear in the Journal of Sociolinguistics.


  • 30th May 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17, DSB: Joseph, Brian D. (2013) 'Demystifying drift: a variationist account'. In Robbeets, M. & Cuyckens, H. (eds.) Shared Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 43-65.
  • 17th March 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17, DSB: Schouten, Bert & Peeters, Wim (1996) 'The Middle High German Vowel Shift, Measured Acoustically in Dutch and Belgian Limburg: Diphthongization of Short Vowels.' Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 63, 30-48.
  • 3rd March 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17, DSB: Hall, Tracy Alan (2011) 'The Status of Diachronic Buccalizations in Germanic.' Beiträge zur Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache und Literatur 133, 389-410.
  • 22nd February 2016, 1.10-2pm, room 3.10, DSB: Ritt, Nikolaus & Kazmierski, Kamil(2016) 'How rarities like gold came to exist: on co-evolutionary interactions between morphology and lexical phonotactics.' English Language and Linguistics 20.
  • 12th November 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Blevins, Juliette & Grawunder, Sven (2009) '*KL > TL sound change in Germanic and elsewhere: descriptions, explanations, and implications.' Linguistic Typology 13, 267–303.
  • 22nd October 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 6.01: Jacques, Guillaume (2011) 'A panchronic study of aspirated fricatives, with new evidence from Pumi.' Lingua 121, 1518-1538.
  • 8th October 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 4.01: White, David L. (2004) 'Why we should not believe in short diphthongs'. In Curzan, A. & Emmons, K. (eds.) Studies in the History of the English Language II: Unfolding Conversations. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 57-84.


  • 21st May 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 4.01: Hay, Jennifer, Pierrehumbert, Janet, Walker, Abby & LaShell, Patrick (2015) 'Tracking word frequency effects through 130 years of sound change.' Cognition 139, 83-91.
  • 16th April 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 4.01: Vennemann, Theo (2000) 'From quality to syllable cuts: on so-called lengthening in the Germanic languages.' Rivista di Linguistica 12, 251-282.
  • 19th March 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 1.20: Anderson, John (2014) 'Graphophonology and anachronic phonology.' Folia Linguistica Historica 35, 1-53. [A joint meeting with the English Language Research Group.]
  • 19th February 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 4.01: Buckley, Eugene (2009) 'Phonetics and phonology in Gallo-Romance palatalisation.' Transactions of the Philological Society107, 31-65.
  • 26th January 2015, 1.10-2pm, room 4.01: Oxford, Will (2015 - to appear) 'Patterns of contrast in phonological change: Evidence from Algonquian vowel systems.'Language 91.
  • 4th December 2014, 2.10-3pm, room 4.01: Wedel, Andrew, Jackson, Scott & Kaplan, Abby (2013) 'Functional Load and the Lexicon: Evidence that Syntactic Category and Frequency Relationships in Minimal Lemma Pairs Predict the Loss of Phoneme contrasts in Language Change.' Language and Speech 56, 395-417.
  • 20th November 2014, 2.10-3pm, room 4.01: Hinskens, Frans, Hermans, Ben & van Oostendorp, Marc (2014) 'Grammar or lexicon. Or: Grammar and lexicon? Rule-based and usage-based approaches to phonological variation.' Lingua 142, 1-26.
  • 6th November 2014, 2.10-3pm, room 4.01: Round, Erich (2011) 'Function word erosion which is not a frequency effect: On exemplars and prosodic paradigm levelling.' Lingua 121, 287–301.
  • 23rd October 2014, 2.10-3pm, room 4.01: Hill, Nathan (2014) 'Grammatically Conditioned Sound Change.' Language and Linguistics Compass 8, 211–229.
  • 2nd October 2014, 2.10-3pm, room 4.01: Stevens, Mary & Harrington, Jonathan(2014) 'The individual and the actuation of sound change.' Loquens 1.


  • 5th May 2014, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Steblin-Kamenskij, Mikail Ivanovits (1974) 'The Scandinavian Consonant Shift.' Arkiv för nordisk filologi 89, 1-29.
  • 31st March 2014, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Joseph, Brian (2012) 'Lexical Diffusion and the Regular Transmission of Language Change in its Sociohistorical Context.' In Hernandez-Campoy, J.M. & Conde-Silvestre, J.C. (eds.) The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 408-426.
  • 17th March 2014, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Hickey, Raymond (2012) 'Internally- and Externally-Motivated Language Change.' In Hernandez-Campoy, J.M. & Conde-Silvestre, J.C. (eds.) The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 387-407.
  • 3rd February 2014, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Kiparsky, Paul (to appear) 'New perspectives in historical linguistics.' In Bowern, C. & Evans, B. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics. London: Routledge.
  • 9th December 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Stiles, Patrick (2012) 'Older Runic evidence for North‐West Germanic a‐umlaut of u (and ‘the converse of Polivanov's Law’).' In Probert, P. & Willi, A. (eds.) Laws and Rules in Indo‐European. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 25th November 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo(2011) Expanded version of section 2 of: Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo & Graeme Trousdale (2012). 'Cycles and continua: on unidirectionality and gradualness in language change'. In Nevalainen, T. & Traugott, E. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • 4th November 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Kiparsky, Paul (to appear) 'Phonologization.' In Honeybone, P. & Salmons, J. (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 21st October 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Schrijver, P.C.H. (2011) 'The High German consonant shift and language contact.' In Hasselblatt, C. Houtzagers, P. & van Pareren, R. (eds.) Language Contact in Times of Globalization. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
  • 7th October 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Hualde, Jose (2013) 'Intervocalic lenition and word-boundary effects: Evidence from Judeo-Spanish.' Diachronica 30, 232–266.
  • 23rd September 2013, 1.10-2pm, room 1.17: Blust, Robert (2012) 'Primary split revisited.' Diachronica 29, 129–138.


  • 3rd June 2013, 12.10-1pm, room 1.17: Mortensen, David (2012) 'The emergence of obstruents after high vowels.' Diachronica 29, 434-470.
  • 13th May 2013, 12.10-1.00pm, room 1.17, DSB: Nycz, Jennifer (to appear) 'Changing words or changing rules? Second dialect acquisition and phonological representation'. To appear in The Journal of Pragmatics.
  • 15th April, 2.10-3.00pm, room 1.01, DSB: Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo (to appear) 'Amphichronic explanation and the life cycle of phonological processes.' In Honeybone, P. & Salmons, J. (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 25th March, 12.10-1.00pm, room 4.01, DSB: Hyman, Larry (2011) 'Enlarging the scope of phonologization.' In Yu, A. (ed.) Origins of Sound Change: Approaches to Phonologization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 11th March 2013, 12.10-1.00pm, room 4.01, DSB: Iverson, Gregory & Salmons, Joseph (2012) 'Paradigm Resolution in the Life Cycle of Norse Umlaut.' Journal of Germanic Linguistics 24, 101-131.
  • 25th February 2013, 12.10-1.00pm, room 4.01, DSB: Brunelle, Marc & Pittayaporn, Pittayawat (2012) 'Phonologically-constrained change: the role of the foot in monosyllabization and rhythmic shifts in Mainland Southeast Asia.' Diachronica 29, 411-433.
  • 11th February 2013, 12noon, room 4.01, DSB: Stausland Johnsen, Sverre (2012) 'A diachronic account of phonological unnaturalness.' Phonology 29, 505 - 531.
  • 3rd December 2012, 12noon, room 1.17, DSB: Ramsammy, Michael (to appear) 'The life cycle of phonological processes: accounting for dialectal microtypologies.' Language and Linguistics Compass.
  • 15th October 2012, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Güldemann, Tom & Stoneking, Mark(2008) 'A Historical Appraisal of Clicks: A Linguistic and Genetic Population Perspective.' Annual Review of Anthropology 37, 93-109.
  • 1st October 2012, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Simon, Ellen (2011) 'Laryngeal stop systems in contact: connecting present-day acquisition findings and historical contact hypotheses'. Diachronica 28, 225–254.


  • 23rd April 2012, 12 noon, room 1.17, DSB: Garrett, Andrew & Johnson, Keith (to appear) 'Phonetic bias in sound change.' In Yu, A. (ed.) Origins of Sound Change: Approaches to Phonologization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 12th March 2012, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Recasens, Daniel (2011) 'Velar and dental stop consonant softening in Romance.' Diachronica 28, 186–224.
  • 20th February 2012, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Boersma, Paul & Hamann, Silke (2008) 'The evolution of auditory dispersion in bidirectional constraint grammars.' Phonology 25, 217–270.
  • 30th January 2012, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Labov, William (2007) 'Transmission and diffusion'. Language 83, 344-387. [A second read-through, jointly with the Sociolinguistics Reading Group and LEC]
  • 12th December 2011, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Kingston, John (2008) 'Lenition'. In Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. (eds.) Selected Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Laboratory Approaches to Spanish Phonology. Somerville: Cascadilla Proceedings Project, 1-31.
  • 28th November 2011, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Steriade, Donca (2001/2009) 'The phonology of perceptibility effects: the P-map and its consequences for constraint organization'. In Hanson, K. & Inkelas, S. (eds.) The nature of the word: Studies in honor of Paul Kiparsky. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • 14th November 2011, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Gess, Randall (2009) 'Reductive sound change and the perception/production interface'. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 54, 229-253.
  • 3rd October 2011, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Minkova, Donka (2011) 'Phonemically contrastive fricatives in Old English?'. English Language and Linguistics 15, 31–59.


  • 4th May 2011, 2pm, room 1.01, DSB: Hualde, Jose (submitted) 'Sound change'. Manuscript, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
  • 21st Mar 2011, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Marton Soskuthy will present a discussion of simulations, frequency and word-specific effects, after which we'll carry on discussing Pierrehumbert (2002).
  • 28th Feb 2011, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Pierrehumbert, Janet (2002) 'Word-specific phonetics'. Laboratory Phonology VII. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • 7th Feb 2011, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Wedel, Andrew (2006) 'Exemplar models, evolution and language change'. The Linguistic Review 23, 247-274.
  • 24th Jan 2011, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Blevins, Juliette & Wedel, Andrew (2009) 'Inhibited sound change: An evolutionary approach to lexical competition'. Diachronica26, 143-183.
  • 6th Dec 2010, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Boberg, Charles (2009) 'The emergence of a new phoneme: Foreign (a) in Canadian English'. Language Variation and Change 21, 355–380.
  • 8th Nov 2010, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Hamann, Silke (2009) 'The learner of a perception grammar as a source of sound change'. In Boersma, P. & Hamann, S. (eds.) Phonology in Perception. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • 11th Oct 2010, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Albright, Adam (2008) 'Explaining Universal Tendencies and Language Particulars in Analogical Change'. In Good, J. (ed.) Linguistic Universals and Language Change. Oxford: OUP.


  • 6th Jul 2010, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Andersen, Henning (1973) 'Abductive and Deductive Change'. Language 49, 765-793. ...AND - if you're really keen - a much later reply to some of its claims... Deutscher, Guy (2002) 'On the Misuse of the Notion of 'Abduction' in Linguistics'.Journal of Linguistics 38, 469-485.
  • 19th Apr 2010, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: De Schryver, Johan, Neijt, Anneke, Ghesquiere, Pol & Ernestus, Mirjam (2008) 'Analogy, Frequency, and Sound Change: the Case of Dutch Devoicing'. Journal of Germanic Linguistics 20, 159–195.
  • 15th Mar 2010, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Joseph, Brian (2006) 'On Projecting Variation Back into a Proto-Language, with Particular Attention to Germanic Evidence'. In Cravens, T. (ed.) Variation and Reconstruction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 103-118.
  • 1st Mar 2010, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Smith, Bridget (2007) 'Dental fricatives and stops in Germanic: deriving diachronic processes from synchronic variation'. To appear in the proceedings of the 2007 ICHL.
  • 11th Dec 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Maddieson, Ian (2009) 'Phonology, naturalness and universals'. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics 45, 131–140.
  • 30th Nov 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Buckley, Eugene (2000) 'On the naturalness of unnatural rules'. UCSB Working Papers in Linguistics 9. ...AND - if you're really keen... Buckley, Eugene (2003) 'Children's unnatural phonology'. Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 29, 523-534.
  • 16th Nov 2009, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: Scheer, Tobias (2009) 'Crazy rules, Regularity and naturalness in diachronic and synchronic segmental and syllabic phonology'. Ms: University of Nice Sophia Antipolis and CNRS.
  • 2nd Nov 2009, 1pm, room 1.01, DSB: de Lacy, Paul & Kingston, John (2006) 'Synchronic explanation'. Ms: Rutgers University and University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  • 24th Sep 2009, 4pm, room 1.17, DSB: Hansson, Gunnar Ólafur (2008) 'Diachronic Explanations of Sound Patterns'. Language and Linguistics Compass 2/5: 859–893.


  • 1st May 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Kerswill, Paul (1996) 'Children, adolescents and language change'. Language Variation and Change 8: 177-202.
  • 6th Mar 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Hall, Nancy (2007) 'R-Dissimilation in English'. Ms, California State University, Long Beach.
  • 20th Feb 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Moreton, Elliott (2008) 'Analytic bias and phonological typology'. Phonology 25, 83-127.
  • 30th Jan 2009, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Blust, Robert (2005) 'Must sound change be linguistically motivated?' Diachronica 22, 219-69.
  • 12th Dec 2008, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Boersma, Paul (2003) 'The odds of eternal optimization in Optimality Theory'. In Holt, D. Eric (ed.) Optimality Theory and Language Change. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 31-65.
  • 14th Nov 2008, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Bauer, Laurie (2008) 'Lenition revisited'. Journal of Linguistics 44, 605-624.
  • 24th Oct 2008, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Moreton, Elliott & Thomas, Erik R. (2007) 'Origins of Canadian Raising in voiceless-coda effects: a case study in phonologization'. In Cole, J. & Hualde, J. (eds.) Laboratory Phonology 9. Berlin: Mouton. 37-64.
  • 10th Oct 2008, 1pm, room 1.17, DSB: Janda, Richard D. & Joseph, Brian D. (2003) 'Reconsidering the canons of sound change: towards a Big Bang Theory'. In Blake, B. and Burridge, K. (eds.) Historical Linguistics 2001. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 205-219.


  • 7th Mar 2008, 1pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Chambers, Jack (1992) 'Dialect Acquisition'.Language 68: 673-705
  • 22nd Feb 2008, 1pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Labov, William (2007) 'Transmission and diffusion'. Language 83, 344-387.
  • 18th Jan 2008, 1pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Sankoff, G. & Blondeau, H. (2007) 'Language change across the lifespan: /r/ in Montreal French'. Language 83, 560-588.
  • 7th Dec 2007, 2.30pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Ohala, J. J. (1992) 'What's cognitive, what's not, in sound change'. In Kellermann, G. & Morrissey, M. (eds.) Diachrony within Synchrony: Language History and Cognition. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. 309-355.
  • 23rd Nov 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Lehmann, Winfred (1999) 'The structural approach of Jacob Grimm and his contemporaries'. Journal of Indo-European Studies27, 1-13. ...AND... Stankiewicz, Edward (1987) 'Baudouin de Courtenay: pioneer in diachronic linguistics'. In Aarsleff, H., Kelly, L. & Niederehe, H.-J. (eds) Papers in the History of Linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 539-549.
  • 19th Oct 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14 BP: Blevins, Juliette (2006) 'New perspectives on English sound patterns: "unnatural" and "natural" in Evolutionary Phonology'. Journal of English Linguistics 34, 6-25.
  • 5th Oct 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Minkova, Donka & Stockwell, Robert (2003) 'English vowel shifts and "optimal" diphthongs: is there a logical link?' In: Holt, D. Eric (ed) Optimality Theory and Language Change. Dordrecht: Kluwer.


  • 18th May 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Phillips, Betty (1998) 'Lexical diffusion is not lexical analogy'. Word 49, 369-380. ...AND... Krishnamurti, Bh. (1998) 'Regularity of sound change through lexical diffusion. A study of s > h > 0 in Gondi Dialects.' Language Variation and Change 10, 193-220.
  • 2nd Mar 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Page, B. Richard (2006) 'The diachrony and synchrony of vowel quantity in English and Dutch.' Diachronica 23, 61-104.
  • 9th Feb 2007, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Foulkes, Paul & Docherty, Gerard (2006) 'The social life of phonetics and phonology'. Journal of Phonetics 34, 409-438. ...AND... Labov, William (2006) 'A sociolinguistic perspective on sociophonetic research'.Journal of Phonetics 34, 500-515. ...AND (if you can make it through all three)... Pierrehumbert, Janet (2006) 'The next toolkit'. Journal of Phonetics 34, 516-530.
  • 1st Dec 2006, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Iverson, Gregory & Salmons, Joseph (2003) 'The ingenerate motivation of sound change'. In Hickey, R. (ed.) Motives for Language Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 199-212. ...AND... Iverson, Gregory & Salmons, Joseph (2005) 'Filling the gap: English tense vowel plus final /S/'. Journal of English Linguistics 33, 1-15.
  • 10th Nov 2006, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Anttila, Arto (2002) 'Variation and Phonological Theory'. In Chambers, J., Trudgill, P. & Schilling-Estes, N. (eds.) Handbook of Language Variation and Change. Oxford & Malden, MA: Blackwell. ...AND... Anttila, Arto & Cho, Young-mee Yu (1998) 'Variation and Change in Optimality Theory'. Lingua 104, 31-56.
  • 20th Oct 2006, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Scheer, Tobias (2004) 'How minimal is phonological change?' Folia Linguistica Historica 25, 69-114.
  • 6th Oct 2006, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Bybee, Joan (2002) 'Word frequency and context of use in the lexical diffusion of phonetically conditioned sound change'. Language Variation and Change 14, 261-290. ...AND... sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10 of... Bybee, Joan (2003) 'Mechanisms of change as universals of language'. In Mairal, R. & Gil, J. (eds.) En Torno a Los Universales Linguisticos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 245-263.


  • 23rd Jun 2006, 3pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Haspelmath, Martin (2006) 'Against markedness (and what to replace it with)'. Journal of Linguistics 42, 25-70.
  • 5th May 2006, 1pm, room 1.24, 14BP: Kiparsky, Paul (2004) Universals constrain change, change results in typological generalizations. Ms, Stanford University.
  • 17 Mar 2006, 3pm, room 1.24, 14BP: Bermudez-Otero, Ricardo (forthcoming 2006) 'Diachronic phonology'. In de Lacy, P. (ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Cambridge: CUP. ...AND... Bermudez-Otero, Ricardo (2006) 'Phonological change in Optimality Theory'. In Brown, K. (ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics, 2nd edn, vol. 9, 497-505. Oxford: Elsevier.
  • 3 Mar 2006, 1pm, room 1.01, 14BP: Blevins, Juliette (2004) Evolutionary Phonology. CUP. Chapters 9 and 10.
  • 16 Feb 2006, 2pm, room 1.24, 14BP: Blevins, Juliette (2004) Evolutionary Phonology. CUP. Chapters 4 and 8.
  • 25 Jan 2006, 4pm, room 1.02, 14BP: Blevins, Juliette (2004) Evolutionary Phonology. CUP. Chapters 1 and 3.
  • 7 Dec 2005, 4pm, room 1.02, 14BP: Hale, Mark (2003) 'Neogrammarian Sound Change' In Joseph, B. & Janda, R. (eds) 'The Handbook of Historical Linguistics'. Oxford & Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • 23 Nov 2005, 4pm, room 1.02, 14BP: Kiparsky, Paul (1995/2003) 'The Phonological Basis of Sound Change' In Joseph, B. & Janda, R. (eds) 'The Handbook of Historical Linguistics'. Oxford & Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • 19 Oct 2005, 4pm, room 1.02, 14BP: Janda, Richard (2003) '"Phonologization" as the Start of Dephoneticization - Or, On Sound Change and its Aftermath: Of Extension, Generalization, Lexicalization, and Morphologization.' In Joseph, B. & Janda, R. (eds) 'The Handbook of Historical Linguistics'. Oxford & Malden, MA: Blackwell.