Language in context seminar
Speaker: James Puchowski (Linguistics and English Language, University of Edinburgh)
Title: Mål means språk: Nynorsk activism and discourses of solidarity/allyship with Norway's Indigenous communities
Abstract: Language politics in Norway is often presented as an ideological debate between two orthographies of the Norwegian language – Bokmål (a successor to written Danish, reflecting urban educated speech), and Nynorsk (a newer style, rooted in more rural dialects and distinct lexis/grammar). Nynorsk is used by 15% of the population, whose activists have traditionally argued that Nynorsk represents dialect variation in Norwegian, encouraging tolerance for linguistic variation.
Norway is a far more multilingual society, however. There are Indigenous populations who underwent decades of forced cultural assimilation and on-going policy and advocacy aim to support minoritised speakers of the Sámi languages and Kven.
Interestingly, younger Nynorsk activists also engage somewhat in Indigenous language advocacy, including lobbying for public signage and educational resources in Sámi. Nynorsk and dialects are not always the focus of their work and public image.
In this talk, I will draw examples from over 5 years of ethnographic research with Norwegian Nynorsk activists. I describe how the activists construct a discourse which involves Sámi and Kven themes, namely, ideological narratives about linguistic tolerance for Norwegian dialects can be rhetorically expanded to tolerance for wider linguistic diversity. This has implications for the theoretical treatment of ‘language activism’ and ‘language activists’ in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology: in the modern political context, what do we mean by activism or advocacy, how is it adequately defined/should it even be defined, and to what extent is language activism centred on one language variety -- or even language itself?
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Language in context seminar
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