Linguistics and English Language

61st Language at Edinburgh lunch

The Language@Edinburgh Lunch is a bi-monthly opportunity to present your work to an interdisciplinary audience in an intimate and feedback-rich setting, all while enjoying a buffet lunch.

Posters by both postgraduate students and academic staff are welcome on any area of human language research - including all sub-fields of linguistics, philosophy of language, natural language processing, psycholinguistics, and any other language related discipline. Reporting on work in progress is equally welcome.

If you would like to present your language-related research, please email us with a title and an abstract by Thursday 1 February, and a digital version (pdf) of your poster by Monday 5 February, which we will print for you and you will get to take home at the end. 

Please send the abstracts, posters and other enquiries to:

languagelunch@ed.ac.uk

We would ask you to mind these few guidelines when preparing your abstract:

  • aim at about 100-300 words in length (including any example sentences and references)
  • if linguistic examples are glossed, they should follow the common Leipzig Glossing Rules
  • the abstract may be sent within an email message or as an attachment (doc/docx or txt are fine)
  • if not using plain text, kindly refrain from using formatting that is prone to causing errors or getting lost between conversions (e.g., tabs, small caps; automatic indentation, bullets and numbering).

Posters

Faheem: Explaining URLs to people using a Slack bot - Kholoud Althobaiti

Online safety regularly depends on users’ ability to know either where a URL is likely to lead or identify when they are on a site other than they expect. Unfortunately, the combination of low URL reading ability in the general population and the use of hard-to-detect approaches like look-alike letters makes the reading of URLs quite challenging for people. We design a Slack chatbot, named Faheem, which assists users in identifying potentially fraudulent URLs while also teaching them about URL reading and common malicious tactics. In this work, we describe the design of the chatbot and provide an initial evaluation. We find that Faheem does a good job of interactively helping users identify issues with URLs, but Faheem users show minimal retention of knowledge when they lose access to the tool.

Topical advection as a baseline model for corpus-based lexical dynamics - Andres Karjus, Richard A. Blythe, Simon Kirby, Kenny Smith

An important question in the field of corpus-based evolutionary language dynamics research is concerned with distinguishing selection-driven linguistic change from neutral evolution, and from changes stemming from language-external factors (cultural drift). A commonly used proxy for the popularity or selective fitness of an element is its corpus frequency. However, several recent works have pointed out that raw frequencies can often be misleading. We propose a model for controlling for drift in contextual topics in corpora - the topical-cultural advection model - and demonstrate that this simple measure, in both its implementations using methods from distributional semantics and topic modelling, is capable of accounting for a considerable amount of variability in word frequency changes in a corpus spanning two centuries of language use.

Task administration order impact on cognitive functions in monolinguals - Lihua Xia

Task order of administration has been considered in most of studies involved more than two sub-tasks; researchers always use a counter-balanced way to avoid test order effect. Previously, order effects were mostly documented in neuropsychological assessment, few researches conducted to explore the order effect on cognitive functions in bilingualism field. This study aims at examining the effect of test order on visual and auditory attentional conflict and response competing in six groups of native English monolinguals. We hypothesize that task order administration can provide a temporal practice / training from previous task on monolinguals, and this training effect is transferrable, which leads a better performance on cognitive functions (inhibition, selective attention and alerting) in later tasks, which share similar measurements of cognitive functions.

To explore this issue, we compared the performance of monolinguals in three widely and reliably used tasks: the attentional network task (ANT), the Stroop Task, and the test of everyday attention (TEA). After counterbalance the task administration order, six test-order groups are included: ANT-TEA-Stroop; TEA-ANT-Stroop; Stroop-TEA-ANT; Stroop-ANT-TEA; ANT-Stroop-TEA, and TEA-Stroop-ANT. The results suggest that changing the task order has a significant influence on individuals’ altering attention, selective attention and inhibition ability. Specifically, participants benefited from the presence of an alerting cue more when received test order A-T-S than T-A-S. Besides, higher accuracy was found in Elevator Distraction (inhibition ability and selective attention) when TEA was administered after ANT. Additionally, this order effect is restricted to task type, with no order effects observed in Stroop task.

Contact

Eva-Maria Schnelten

Language at Edinburgh Lunch committee

Joachim Fainberg, Andres Karjus, Madeleine Long, Joana Ribeiro, Eva-Maria Schnelten

Further information

The Language at Edinburgh Lunch is made possible through funding from the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences and the Human Communication Research Centre, with the intent to facilitate interdisciplinary language research at the University of Edinburgh.

Feb 15 2018 -

61st Language at Edinburgh lunch

2018-02-15: Lunch meeting

Room G.07, The Informatics Forum, 10 Crichton Street, Edinburgh, EH8 9AB