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Egg whites could fight poultry infections

Proteins in egg whites could be used to fight infections that cost the chicken industry billions of pounds each year.

University researchers have discovered that these recently-identified proteins have properties that could be harnessed to combat bugs such as E-coli.

The research from The Roslin Institute focused on a family of proteins whose function had until now been unknown.

It is not surprising that egg white can fight bacterial infection as the egg as a whole has evolved to protect the developing embryo. The challenge now is to look at harnessing how we can use these proteins to help fight infections in poultry flocks.

Ian DunnAvian biology expert, The Roslin Institute

Proteins

It was previously known that many proteins in egg whites have bacteria-fighting properties.

However, this group of proteins offers the potential to create anti-microbial treatments which could be used as an alternative to traditional antibiotics.

The researchers have named the group of proteins ovodefensins.

Applications

These could be used to treat infections among poultry, and improve the sustainability of food production.

It is even possible that the proteins might be used to create treatments to fight infections in humans.

This family of proteins was found to be specific to birds but has not so far been discovered in other species that lay eggs, suggesting that these have either evolved in birds to fight certain infections or that other species may have lost the genes as they evolved.

Ian DunnAvian biology expert, The Roslin Institute

The research, funded by the European Union, has been published by the journal BMC Immunology.