News

DNA changes accelerate body’s ageing process

DNA changes throughout a person’s life can significantly increase their susceptibility to heart conditions and other age-related diseases, research suggests.

Such alterations – known as somatic mutations – can impact the way blood stem cells work and are associated with blood cancers and other conditions.

A study says that these somatic mutations and the associated diseases they cause may accelerate a person’s biological age – how old their body appears – faster than their chronological age – the number of years they have been alive.

Birth cohorts

A study by scientists from the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow examined these changes and their potential effects in more than 1000 older people from the Lothian Birth Cohorts (LBCs), born in 1921 and 1936.

The LBCs are a group of people – now in their 80s and 90s – who sat intelligence tests as 11-year olds. They are some of the most-intensively studied research participants in the world. The LBCs are funded by Age UK (Disconnected Mind Project).

Age gap

Scientists studied people where the biological and chronological age was separated by a large gap.

They found the participants with somatic mutations – around six per cent – had a biological age almost four years older than those with no alterations.

Experts say they will now explore the link between these DNA changes and biological ageing acceleration.

The study, published in Current Biology, was funded by Alzheimer's Research UK.

Previously, somatic mutations have largely been studied in cancer. Our findings suggest they play a role in other diseases, which will change the way we study disease risk.

Dr Tamir ChandraGroup Leader at the University of Edinburgh’s MRC Human Genetics Unit

Related links

MRC Human Genetics Unit

Full study: Age-related clonal haemopoiesis is associated with increased epigenetic age

Alzheimer's Research UK

Lothian Birth Cohort