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Halloumi cheese gets a helping hand from science

Scottish scientists have joined a Europe-wide bid to secure the future supply of Cyprus’ finest food export – halloumi cheese.

The project aims to boost milk yields from local breeds of goats and sheep on the island so that demand can be fulfilled.

Selective breeding

Researchers are to help farmers design selective breeding programmes by investigating genetic differences that are linked to increased milk production.

Experts will also assess how animal feeds can be improved to optimise milk yield and how soils in Cyprus can be enriched by adding beneficial species of bacteria and fungi.

Cypriot cheese

Halloumi makes an important contribution to the Cypriot economy, accounting for more than 15 per cent of the total domestic exports. The UK is the number one export market for the cheese.

At present, much of the halloumi that reaches supermarket shelves contains a significant proportion of cow’s milk, which is cheaper and more widely available.

Traditional food

Cyprus has applied for halloumi to be recognised with Protected Designation of Origin status – a European Union award designed to protect traditional, regional foods against imitation.

It would stipulate that halloumi must be produced predominantly from Cypriot Sheep and Goat milk.

Global demand

If the PDO is granted, milk production from Cypriot sheep and goat breeds will need to increase substantially to ensure that current demand for halloumi cheese is satisfied.

The AGRICYGEN partnership – funded by the European Union – connects research institutions in Cyprus with world-leading experts in agricultural genetics from the UK, France and Germany. The University of Edinburgh’s Roslin Institute is among those taking part.

Research centre

A new research centre will be set up in Cyprus to increase the country’s capacity for analysing animal and plant genomes. The centre will also train early career scientists.

The project combines our specialism in animal genetics and genomics with expertise in plant and microbial genetics. It will allow implementation of an effective scheme to secure the future of halloumi that takes into account the unique conditions associated with farming Cypriot goats and sheep.

Dr Ricardo Pong-WongQuantitative Genetic Tools Specialist, The Roslin Institute

Related links

The Roslin Institute

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