Therapy hope for steroid deficiencies

An improved therapy to replace essential steroids in the body is a step closer thanks to new research.

The treatment could help people unable to produce a class of steroids called corticosteroids, which are involved in physiological processes including regulating metabolism and blood pressure, and helping the body to cope with physical stress.

Fewer side effects

The therapy for people with disorders of the adrenal gland is expected to have fewer side effects than existing treatments.

It could help people with conditions such as Addison’s disease and congenital adrenal hyperplasia, who need steroid treatment to avoid the risk of potentially fatal illness during physical stress.

Replacement therapy

Treatment usually involves replacing one of the steroids they are unable to produce – called cortisol – with a medication.

However, this approach also affects fat tissue and can lead to excessive weight gain, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes.

Alternative approach

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh’s British Heart Foundation Centre for Cardiovascular Science studied another steroid called corticosterone, which is also naturally produced by the body. Until now, there has been little research into its activity.

Mouse study

In a mouse study, the team showed that the effects of corticosterone on fat cells were reduced compared with cortisol.

They found the effects were reduced because fat cells have a pump that removes corticosterone – but not cortisol – from the fat cells.

Patient hope

The researchers tested the therapy in a small group of patients with Addison’s disease. The team found that corticosterone was as effective as cortisol, but had reduced effects on fat cells compared with cortisol.

These findings suggest that corticosterone could provide a safer alternative to traditional cortisol replacement therapy for conditions such as Addison’s disease and congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Professor Brian WalkerHead of the BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh

Steroid therapies

The researchers say that, with further research, these findings may one-day lead to improved therapies for other conditions that respond to steroid treatment, including asthma and rheumatoid arthritis.

The discovery of this selective corticosterone pump in fat cells could lead to a completely new approach in our search for safer steroid medications.

Dr Mark NixonBHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh

The study, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, was funded by Wellcome, the British Heart Foundation, the Medical Research Council and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Related links

Journal article

BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science

Edinburgh Medical School