Information Services

Guidance for Accessible Remote Teaching

Guidance on how to make remote teaching more accessible to those with hearing impairments or those who are deaf.

Guidance for optimising remote access for students who are deaf /or have a hearing loss

Additions to general advice given to lecturers / presenters


  • Speak in a clear manner, not too fast, and do not exaggerate your lip movements or speak very slowly, as lip reading is based on natural patterns of speech;
  •  Clearly signal change of topic;
  •  Share any new abbreviated terms before the session;
  •  Use a headset microphone when at all possible, not just a laptop microphone. By using a headset microphone, and not relying on your computer microphone, it will help ensure your voice is picked up preferentially over background noise;
  • Minimise background noise (such as shuffling papers etc);
  • Ensure jewellery etc is not catching and creating background noise.

Providing opportunities for students to catch up, if necessary

  • ‘Chunk’ information so that the session is broken up into shorter sections;
  •  Provide ongoing summary points in chat boxes or equivalent;
  • Include options for questions and comments to be typed into a chat box;
  • Share the abbreviations that will be used in the session along with any slides twenty four hours in advance of the session.
  • In group sessions:
    • ask contributors to say names when they start to speak;
    • repeat points from students that may have been unclear;
    • ask students to say in chat box if they missed what was said;
    • also encourage students to ask afterwards if this is helpful.

Where video is used: presenter microphones, positioning and lighting

We would recommend always using video as well as audio as this enables users to lip-read as well.

  • Use good quality headset microphones if at all possible;
  • Mute the microphone when not talking;
  •  Keep facing the camera, so that lip reading is possible, and don’t walk around;
  •  Ensure lighting is good (and from the front, not behind) so the picture is really clear – use a plain background where possible;

  •   Avoid moving your hands in front of your face to ensure clear sight of your lips for users who are lip reading


Students who are deaf or have hearing loss and have registered with the Student Disability Service may have an adjustment for subtitles to be provided. However, subtitles should be added to all audio/video content as a matter of course although we recognise the current difficulties in achieving this.

More information on subtitling can be found at:

Subtitling guidance for staff

Request an alternative format

To request this document in an alternative format, such as large print or on coloured paper, please contact Viki Galt, the Disability Information Officer.

Viki Galt

Disability Information Officer

  • Information Services

Contact details



Argyle House
Floor F West
3 Lady Lawson Street

Post Code

BSL users can contact me via contactSCOTLAND-BSL, the on-line British Sign Language interpreting service. Find out more on the contactSCOTLAND website.