Dr Hatice Yıldız
Lecturer in Modern Gender History since 1750; Comparative and Global History, The Late Ottoman Empire, Colonial India, Gender, Labour History
Affiliated research centres
I was born and raised in Istanbul, Turkey. I completed my Bachelor's and Master's degrees in the social sciences (Political Science BA, Historical Sociology MA), through various loans and scholarships from governmental bodies and universities (TUBITAK, Koc University). I moved to the UK in 2013, having received a postgraduate research scholarship from the Cambridge International Trust. I completed my PhD degree in History in 2018 at the University of Cambridge, under the supervision of Prof Sujit Sivasundaram. Between 2017 and 2020, I was a Junior Research Fellow at Merton College, University of Oxford. I took up the position of Lecturer in Gender History at the University of Edinburgh in 2020. Between 2020 and 2021, I was also a Visiting Fellow at the Weatherhead Initiative on Global History at Harvard University.
During the past eight years I worked in archives spanning three countries and seven cities: Istanbul, Bursa, Cambridge, London, Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. I have presented elements of my work at workshops and conferences in the UK, the Netherlands, France, Turkey, India, and the US. I provided supervisions and taught classes in global, gender, and labour history, on various topics from the Indian Rebellion to Ottoman craftswomen in the nineteenth century.
Summary of research interestsPlaces:
- Near East
- Comparative & Global History
- Economic History
- Nineteenth Century
My research lies at the intersection of gender, economic and social histories of South Asia and the Middle East. I am concerned with the gendering of occupational categories that emerged in conjunction with economic liberalisation, industrial development, and bureaucratic consolidation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. My PhD thesis and subsequent work examined the spatial and temporal aspects of women's and men's work, concepts and categories of skill, technology and specialist knowledge in textile factories of Ottoman Western Anatolia and Western India.
Current research activities
I am currently working on a monograph which is an extended version of my doctoral thesis. This study explores the ways in which gendered notions of skill, paid work, domesticity and technology shaped labour processes and politics in the silk factories of Bursa and the cotton mills of Bombay between 1850 and 1910. Contrary to a scholarly tradition that placed the late Ottoman and British Indian experiences in distinct categories, my book highlights common mechanisms of adaptation and survival in the age of European industrial hegemony. These involved the development of flexible and low-cost production strategies which confined female workers to crude and subsidiary tasks and associated skill with masculine virtues.
My second project explores gendered means of participation in upper-middle class professions including medicine and law. I am specifically interested in the notions of skill, time, and collective identity as crafted by Indian and Ottoman female physicians in the early twentieth century.
Historical Skills and Methods I
- Gender and Imperial History
Global Connections since 1450 (Course Organiser)
- Textiles: Silk
- Textiles: Cotton
The Global Economy since 1750
- Asia on the Verge of Great Divergence
- The Industrial Revolution: Asia's Divergent Path
Introduction to Historiography
- Fatema Mernissi
- Global History
Historical Research: Skills and Sources
- Women in Ottoman History: Using Life Writings and Images
- E. P. Thompson and His Legacy
Economic and Social Theory for Historians
- Marx and Historical Materialism
Dissertation, Taught MSc in History
Currently accepting research student applications : Yes
Areas accepting Research Students in:
I am happy to supervise doctoral dissertations on gender and labour in the period between 1850 to WWII. I am particularly keen on supervising comparative projects and those that focus on industrial or white collar employment.
Hatice Yıldız, 'Parallels and Contrasts in Gendered Histories of Industrial Labour in Bursa and Bombay 1850 – 1910', The Historical Journal, v. 60, no. 2 (June 2017).
Hatice Yıldız, 'The Politics of Time in Colonial Bombay: Labor Patterns and Protest in Cotton Mills', Journal of Social History 54, no.1 (Fall 2020). DOI: 10.1093/jsh/shz016
Can Nacar and Hatice Yıldız, 'Labour History' in The Cambridge Companion to Ottoman History, Alex Norman Wick, ed., Cambridge University Press.
Hatice Yıldız, 'Gender and Labor', in The Oxford Handbook of Global Labor History, Oxford University Press.
Hatice Yıldız, Gender and Factory Work in Ottoman Bursa and Bombay, 1880 - 1910.