Staff in Classics
Professor Stephen Bowd
Professor of Early Modern History; European History, 1500-1800
Dean of Postgraduate Studies, College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences
Affiliated research centres
I graduated with a first-class MA (Hons.) degree in History at the University of Edinburgh in 1993 and proceeded to undertake Ph.D. research on Venetian hermits there, thinking this might be the best training for life as an academic. After completing my doctorate in 1997 I worked at the Manchester Metropolitan University. I re-crossed the border in 2005. Since returning to Edinburgh I have found a very congenial and lively group of Italianists as well as a very supportive environment for my teaching and research on Renaissance Italy. I was promoted to Reader in 2011, and to a personal chair in 2017.
External Examiner, Manchester Metropolitan University, Early Modern History Programmes, 2015, 2017-present
External Examiner, University of St Andrews, Early Modern History Programmes, 2011-2014
External Examiner, Roehampton University, History Programmes, 2002-05
Women, Weapons and War: http://research.shca.ed.ac.uk/www-workshop/
Renaissance Mass Murder Research Blog: http://research.shca.ed.ac.uk/mass-murder/
Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies: http://www.ed.ac.uk/history-classics-archaeology/centre-medieval-renaissance
Society for Renaissance Studies: http://www.rensoc.org.uk/
MSc in Renaissance and Early Modern Studies: http://www.eca.ed.ac.uk/history-of-art/postgraduate/taught-degrees/renaissance-and-early-modern-studies-msc
Summary of research interestsPlaces:
- Early Modern
My research interests have been focused on the history of Venice during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and the history of religious beliefs and practices in Italy. I combined both interests in my first book, which was a surprisingly lengthy account of the brief life of a Venetian patrician-humanist-turned-hermit Vincenzo Querini. In this book I also explored the heated spiritual worlds of Venice, Rome, and Florence during the crucial years of religious change up until c.1540.
In 2000 a chance encounter at a conference in Oxford led me to undertake research in the rich archives of the formerly Venetian subject city of Brescia (now in the region of Lombardy) and I produced an edited collection of texts (translated by Dr J. Donald Cullington) and a monograph, published by Harvard University Press, about aspects of civic religion and culture in the city during the first century of Venetian rule (1426-1530).
I then edited a selection of humanist texts about the infamous alleged torture and murder of the child Simon of Trent by the Jews of Trent in 1475, which was published in the Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies series in 2012. These texts were written by a number of Brescian humanists but the works had Italian, and indeed European, resonance since they confirmed in the new medium of print Christian fears about the dangers of Jews present in Christian society.
Finally, my interest in belief has encouraged my work on prophecy, millenarianism, the supernatural, and ‘superstition’ in Renaissance Italy. I have focused attention on the social, religious, and political roots of the ‘occult’ and outlined how it formed an essential and contested part of everyday beliefs and practices. I have extended my interest in this field, which has also formed an important strand of my teaching, to sixteenth-century England with three articles exploring the life and work of John Dee, who was warden of Manchester College and considered the 'arch-conjuror of England', as the title of his most recent biography puts it.
Current research activities
As well as the projects listed below I have written an essay on mass murder in the sacks of cities in Italy during the Italian Wars (1494-1559) for a collection of essays, Murder in Renaissance Italy edited by Trevor Dean and Kate Lowe (Cambridge University Press, 2017). This reflects a new direction in my work towards the social history of warfare, and specifically the mass murder of non-combatants during the Italian Wars for which I was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship (2016-17). I have blogged about my research at: http://research.shca.ed.ac.uk/mass-murder/ My monograph on this topic appeared with Oxford University Press in November 2018: https://global.oup.com/academic/search?q=Bowd&cc=gb&lang=en
Gender and early modern war is a research theme which emerged from my Leverhulme-funded work. I am now working on a study of 245 letters written by a noblewoman who took part in the attack on Brescia in 1512 and together with my colleague Dr Sarah Cockram I co-organised a workshop in Edinburgh on 'Women, Weapons, and War', which addressed gender and war during the ancient, medieval, and early modern periods: http://research.shca.ed.ac.uk/www-workshop/
Thanks to a University of Sydney Partnership Collaboration award Dr Cockram and I organised with Dr John Gagné (Sydney) two workshops (in Edinburgh and Sydney) on 'Shadow Agents of War', which considered overlooked fighters and foragers (especially women and children); key organizers (heralds, land surveyors, bureaucrats); service workers (sappers, surgeons, armourers, merchants, arms dealers); and traditionally marginalised groups (bandits, refugess, and animals). See: https://research.shca.ed.ac.uk/shadow-agents-of-war/
Finally, I have also maintained my interest in sixteenth-century religious history and have completed a contribution to the Brill Companion to Vittoria Colonna edited by Abigail Brundin, Tatiana Crivelli, and Maria Serena Sapegno, which appeared in 2016.
During 2011-12 I was on leave and undertaking research funded by the British Academy on humanist writing about Jews and Judaism in Renaissance Italy. My archival research was distilled into a database of humanist authors and works about Jews which has been made publicly accessible in searchable form at http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/handle/10283/2070. I have also published articles based on this work in a special issue of Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà on Jews and Chritians edited by Gabriella Zarri, and for a more general readership in the magazine History Today. A further article on Venetian patrician humanists and Jews appeared in Renaissance Quarterly in 2016.
I have also been involved with the project 'Between Apes and Angels: Human and Animal in the Early Modern World' - a collaborative project looking at animal/human relationships before Darwin (with colleagues across the University of Edinburgh, including Veterinary studies and Sculpture at ECA). This led to a Wellcome-funded conference in December 2014: https://apesandangels.wordpress.com/between-apes-and-angels-animal-and-human-in-the-pre-modern-world/. With Dr Sarah Cockram I have edited a special edition of Renaissance Studies on 'The Animal in Renaissance Italy' which appeared in April 2017.
- Year 1 - Course Organiser, Lecturer and Tutor, Early Modern History: A Connected World
- Years 3/4 - Course Organiser and Tutor, Renaissance Italians, c.1300-c.1600; Catholic Christendom, c.1450-c.1650; Machiavelli and His World; History in Theory; History in Practice; Year Abroad Essay Supervisor
- Year 4 - Course Organiser and Tutor, Venice, c. 1400- c. 1700; Dissertation Supervisor
With the Venice 4MA Undergraduate Class in Venice in 2011
- MSc Option: The Global Renaissance
- MSc Option: Medieval and Renaissance Italy: Objects, Texts and Practices
- MSc in Renaissance and Early Modern Studies
|Degree||Thesis topic||Supervision type||Link|
|Lussey, Natalie||PhD||Engraving and Ex-votos: Art, Religion, and Society in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Venice||Primary||link|
|PhD||The Florentine 'fuorusciti' and the visual arts in the Renaissance||Secondary|
|Prideaux, Tamsin||PhD||Economic and Cultural Exchange in Early Modern Venice: the Cinque Savi alla Mercanzia and the control of immigrant groups, 1550-1700||Joint|
|Name||Degree||Thesis topic||Supervision type||Completion year||Link|
|Lee, Alexander||PhD||The Philosopher Poet: Petrarch's Conception of Virtue||Primary||2009|
|Constantinidou, Anna-anastasia||PhD||The separation of the temporal and the divine spheres: the moral and political implications of secularisation. C. 1580-c. 1620||Secondary||2006|
Currently accepting research student applications : Yes
Areas accepting Research Students in:
Early modern society and war
|Renaissance Mass Murder: Civilians and Soldiers during the Italian Wars (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming in Nov. 2018)|
Venice's Most Loyal City: Civic Identity in Renaissance Brescia (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010)
|Reform before the Reformation: Vincenzo Querini and the Religious Renaissance in Italy (Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought, 2002)|
|'On Everyone's Lips': Humanists, Jews, and the Tale of Simon of Trent, ed. and intro. Stephen Bowd, ed. and trans. J. Donald Cullington, Tempe, AZ: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies (2012)|
Vainglorious Death: A Funerary Fracas in Renaissance Brescia. Trans. J. Donald Cullington, ed. and intro. Stephen Bowd, Tempe, AZ: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies (2006)
With Sarah Cockram, ‘The Animal in Renaissance Italy’, special edition of Renaissance Studies 31.2 (April 2017)
'Alda Pio Gambara and Regime Change in Brescia during the Italian Wars', in Alexander Lee and Brian Maxson (eds), The Culture and Politics of Regime Change in Italy, c.1494-c.1559 (Routledge, forthcoming in 2022)
'Gender, War, and the State: The Military Management of Alda Pio Gambara during the Italian Wars', in Stephen Bowd, Sarah Cockram, and John Gagné (eds), Shadow Agents of Renaissance War: Suffering, Supporting, and Supplying Conflict in Italy and Beyond (Amsterdam University Press, forthcoming in 2022/3)
'Mass Murder in Sacks during the Italian Wars, 1494-1559', in Trevor Dean and Kate Lowe (eds), Murder in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge University Press, 2017)
'Prudential Friendship and Religious Reform: Vittoria Colonna and Gasparo Contarini', in A Companion to Vittoria Colonna, ed. Abigail Brundin, Tatiana Crivelli Speciale and Maria Serena Sapegno (Brill, 2016), 349-70
‘Tales from Trent: The Construction of “Saint” Simon in Manuscript and Print, 1475-1511’, in Alison Frazier (ed.), The Saint between Manuscript and Print: Authors, editors, publishers, readers and the phenomena of sanctity on the Italian peninsula, 1300-1600 (Toronto University Press, 2015), 183-218
'Introduction' in Renaissance? Perceptions of Continuity and Discontinuityin Europe, ca. 1300 - 1550, ed. Alex Lee, Pit Peporte, Harry Schnitker, (Brill, 2010), 1-13
'Swarming with Hermits: Religious Friendship in Renaissance Italy, 1490 - 1540', in Abigail Brundin and Matthew Treherne (eds.), Forms of Faith in Sixteenth-century Italy (Ashgate Press, 2009), 9-31
“Honeyed flies” and “sugared rats”: Witchcraft, Heresy and Superstition in the Bresciano, 1454-1535’, in Alan Knight and Steve Smith (eds), The Religion of Fools? Superstition Past and Present. (Oxford University Press, Past and Present Publications: Oxford, 2008), 134-56
‘Vincenzo Querini and the Florentine Piagnoni, 1511 - 1514’, in S. Fletcher and C. Shaw (eds) The World of Savonarola: Italian Elites and Perceptions of Crisis (Ashgate Press: Aldershot, 2000), Ch. 7.
‘Civic Piety and Patriotism: Patrician Humanists and Jews in Venice and its Empire’, Renaissance Quarterly 69/4 (2016): 1257-95
'The Conversion of Margarita: A Wedding oration in Fifteenth-century Brescia', Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà 25 (2012): 139-166 (special issue on 'Judaism and Christianity in Italy between 1400 and 1600: Comparisons and Convergences', ed. Gabriella Zarri)
'Death by Humanism: Jews and the Renaissance', History Today 63/8 (August 2013)
'John Dee and the Seven in Lancashire: Possession, Exorcism, and Apocalyse in Elizabethan Engand,' Northern History 47/2 (2010): 233-46
‘In the Labyrinth: John Dee and Reformation Manchester’, Manchester Region History Review 19 (2008), 17-43
‘John Dee and Christopher Saxton’s Survey of Manchester (1596)’, Northern History 42/2 (2005): 275-92.
‘Sixteenth Century: European History’, Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature: A Critical Review of New Publications of 2001 (Blackwell Publishing for The Historical Association, ) 87, 52-61
'The Republics of Ideas: Venice, Florence, and the Defence of Liberty (1525-30)’, History 85/279 (2000): 404-27.
“The tune is marred”: citizens and the people in Gasparo Contarini’s Venice’, European Review of History / Revue européenne d’histoire 7/1 (2000): 83-97.
‘Pietro Bembo and the “Monster” of Bologna (1514)’, Renaissance Studies, 13/1 (1999): 40-54
‘How to be a Renaissance Hermit’, Bulletin of the Society for Renaissance Studies, 16/1 (1998): 8-17
with J. Donald Cullington, ‘Two Renaissance treatises: Carlo Valgulio of Brescia on funerals and music’, Annali Queriniani, 3 (2002): 131-71
‘Simon of Trent’ Oxford Bibliographies in ‘Renaissance and Reformation’ Ed. Margaret King. New York: Oxford University Press, February 2020. https://www-oxfordbibliographies-com.ezproxy.is.ed.ac.uk/view/document/obo-9780195399301/obo-9780195399301-0433.xml
‘Prodigies’ and ‘The Occult’ in the Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Western Tradition, ed. Richard M. Golden (ABC-Clio, 2006), 3:846-50, 933-34
‘Papal Reform’, and ‘Prophecy’ in The Encyclopedia of Millennialism and Millennial Movements ed. Richard Landes (New York: Routledge, 2000), 296-8, 335-9