About our staff
Dr Catriona Pickard
BSc, MA, PhD, FSA Scot
Senior Lecturer; Archaeological Science
I graduated from the University of Aberdeen with a BSc (Hons) degree in Physics and an MA in Archaeology from the University of Edinburgh. I completed my PhD in Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh in 2002. I joined Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh in 2003 and was appointed Lecturer in 2012.
Summary of research interestsPlaces:
- Britain & Ireland
- Near East
- Bioarchaeology & Human Origins
- Material Culture
- Medicine, Science & Technology
My research interests focus on analytical chemistry in archaeology, biomolecular archaeology, archaeogenetics and coastal archaeology and prehistoric fishing practices. Current research projects include:
- Characterisation of archaeological materials through optical microscopy, SEM-EDS and XRD/XRF
- Palaeodietary reconstruction and animal husbandry practices determined by stable isotope analysis
- Sulphur isotope analysis as a discriminant variable in palaeodietary reconstruction
- Investigation of the Late Glacial and Early Holocene occupation of western Scotland
- Archaeology 1A [ARCA 08004] (Convenor)
- Archaeology 1B [ARCA08005] (Contributor)
- Archaeology 2A: Scotland before History [ARCA08013) (Contributor)
- Archaeology 2B: Archaeology in Action [ARCA08012] (Contributor
- Scientific Methods in Bio-Archaeology [ARCA10077] (Convenor)
- Analytical Methods in Human Osteology [PGHC11230] (Contributor)
- Biomolecular Archaeology [PGHC11428] (Convenor)
- Frontiers in Archaeology [PGHC11001] (Contributor)
|Name||Degree||Thesis topic||Supervision type||Link|
New People, New Pots, New Worlds: The Beaker Phenomenon in Northern Britain and the Near Continent
|PhD||Cotton Town Blues. Investigating Inequality in the 19th Century Cemetery Population of St Peter’s Parish Church Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire, UK, through Stable Isotope Analysis.||Primary|
|PhD||A Comparative Analysis of the Evolution of Oral Health Pathologies and Stable Isotope Ratio Dietary Indicators through the Historic Period in Two Contrasting Medieval Populations from Scotland, UK, and Ibiza, Spain.||Secondary|
|PhD||Determining ‘Age at Death’. A New Multidisciplinary Laboratory Method based on Ribs.||Primary|
|PhD||Bones of Transition: Faunal Examination of Iron Age-Roman Zooarchaeological Assemblages from East Wear Cliff, Kent.||Secondary|
|PhD||Entheseal Changes: Occupation-Related Musculoskeletal Stress Markers.||Secondary||
Diet and Dentition on the Black Sea: An Examination of Dental Health and Dietary Reconstruction at Ancient Mesambria
|PhD||Bergmann's and Allen's Rules in Archaic Human Populations: an Assessment of the Potential Implications for Bioarchaeological Study.||Secondary||
|Name||Degree||Thesis topic||Supervision type||Completion year||Link|
The Geoarchaeology of Burnt Mounds: site formation processes, patterns, and duration
|MPhil||Methods to Determine South African Holocene Seasonal Shellfish Use through Sclerochronology and O-isotope Analysis at the World Heritage Site, Pinnacle Point, Mossel Bay, South Africa.||Joint||2019|
|PhD||The Archaeology of St Kilda||Primary||2019|
|Michopoulou, Effrosyni||MScR||Age estimation using thin sections of clavicles from a modern Balkan autopsy sample.||Secondary||2018|
|Gomez, Julieta||PhD||Age estimation using thin sections of ribs from a modern Greek autopsy sample||Secondary||link|
|Caldeira, Claudia||PhD||Stable isotopes in archaeology: the role of δ34S in the interpretation of ancient populations||Joint||2017|
|Stetkiewicz, Scott||PhD||Iron production in the Iron Age in the nearer continent and Britain: a scientific analysis of smelting systems||Secondary||2017|
|Martha Lorenzen||PhD||Earthen Architecture in Bronze Age Crete||Secondary||2017|
|Langstaff, Helen||PhD||Heritability of facial morphology||Secondary||2016|
|Ritchie, Graham||PhD||Changing Coastal Landscapes of Sicily: the impact of sea-level change, natural catastrophe and geomorphological modification of the Sicilian coastline on the visibility of archaeological evidence for human occupation||Secondary||2016|
|Tom Gardner||MScR||Site Ecology and Environment at the Bradford Kaims||Primary||2015|
|Groom, Peter||PhD||An Experimental Study of Mesolithic Fishing Practices in Western Scotland||Secondary||2014|
|PhD||From raw materials to construction. Cremation technology and ritual in Bronze Age Scotland||Secondary||2014|
|MScR||Medieval Cod bone analysis, with specific reference to the North-Eastern coast of England and South East Scotland||Secondary||2011|
|Ritchie, Graham||PhD||Chronological and regional variability in chipped stone assemblages from Northern Britain||Secondary||2010|
Benjamin, J., Bonsall, C., Pickard, C. and Fischer, A. (eds) 2011. Underwater Archaeology and the Submerged Prehistory of Europe. Oxford: Oxbow.
Groom, P., Pickard, C., Bonsall, C., 2019. Early Holocene Sea Fishing in Western Scotland: An Experimental Study. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, DOI: 10.1080/15564894.2018.1521481
Alaica, A.K., Schalburg-Clayton, J., Dalton, A., Kranioti, E., Echávarri, G.G. and Pickard, C., 2019. Variability along the Frontier: Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratio analysis of human remains from the Late Roman-Early Byzantine cemetery site of Joan Planells, Ibiza, Spain. Archaeological and Anthropological Science 11: 3783-3796. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-018-0656-0
Pickard, C., Girdwood, L-K., Kranioti, E., Marquez-Grant, N., Richards, M., Fuller, B., 2017. Isotopic evidence for dietary diversity at the mediaeval Islamic necropolis of Can Fonoll (10th to 13th centuries CE), Ibiza, Spain. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 13: 1-10. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.03.027
Pickard, C., Schoop, U., Bartosiewicz, L., Gillis, R., Sayle, K.L., 2016. Animal Keeping in Chalcolithic north-central Anatolia: what can stable isotope analysis add? Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 9: 1349-1362. DOI:10.1007/s12520-016-0386-0
Pickard, C., Schoop, U.-D., Dalton, A., Sayle, K.L., Channell, I., Calvey, K., Thomas, J.-L., Bartosiewicz, L. and Bonsall, C., 2016. Diet at Late Chalcolithic Camlibel Tarlasi, north-central Anatolia: an isotopic perspective. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 5: 296–306.
Bonsall, C., Boroneant, A., Evatt, A., Soficaru, A., Nica, C., Bartosiewicz, L., Cook, G.T., Higham, T.F.G., and Pickard, C., 2015. The 'Clisurean' finds from Climente II cave, Iron Gates, Romania. Quaternary International. doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.12.017
Bonsall, C., Cook, G., Pickard, C., McSweeney, K., Sayle, K., Bartosiewicz, L., Radovanovic, I., Higham, T., Soficaru, A. and Boroneant, A., 2015. Food for Thought: Re-assessing Mesolithic Diets in the Iron Gates. Radiocarbon 57: 689-699.
Bonsall, C., Cook, G., Bartosiewicz, L. and Pickard, C., 2015. Reply to Nehlich and Boric's "Response to Bonsall et al. 'Food for Thought: Re-Assessing Mesolithic Diets in the Iron Gates'". Radiocarbon 57: 705-706.
Sauer, E.W., Pitskhelauri, K., Hopper, K., Tlilakou, A., Pickard, C., Lawrence, D., Diana, A., Kranioti, E. and Shupe, C., 2015. Northern Outpost of the Caliphate: the Archaeology of the Alan Gates (Dariali Gorge in Georgia). Antiquity 89: 885-904.
Bonsall, C., Macklin, M.G., Boroneanţ, A., Pickard, C., Bartosiewicz, L., Cook, G.T. and Higham, T.F.G., 2015. Holocene climate change and prehistoric settlement in the lower Danube valley. Quaternary International 378: 14-21.
Bonsall, C., Vasić, R., Boroneanț, A., Roksandic, M., Soficaru, A., McSweeney, K., Evatt, A., Aguraiuja, Ü., Pickard, C., Dimitrijević, V., Higham, T., Hamilton, D. and Cook, G., 2015. New AMS 14C Dates for Human Remains from Stone Age Sites in the Iron Gates Reach of the Danube, Southeast Europe. Radiocarbon 57: 1-14.
Bonsall, L. and Pickard, C., 2015. Palaeopathology and stable isotope reconstruction of diet in a skeletal population from late Roman Winchester, England. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 2: 128-140.
Bonsall, C., Pickard, C. and Groom, P., 2013. Boats and Pioneer Settlement: The Scottish Dimension. Norwegian Archaeological Review 46(1): 87-90.
Pickard, C. and Schoop, U.-D., 2013. Characterization of Late Chalcolithic Micro-Beads From Çamlibel Tarlasi, North-Central Anatolia. Archaeometry 55: 14-32. DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00672.x
Vaughan, M., Bonsall, C., Schoop, U.-D., Bartosiewicz, L. and Pickard, C.* 2013. Variation in the carbon and nitrogen isotopic signatures of Sus scrofa domesticus remains from prehistoric sites in the Near East and Central Europe. Archeometriai Műhely (Archaeometry Workshop), 2013/X./4: 307-312. * -corresponding author.
Schoop, U.-D., Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C. 2012. Radiocarbon dating Chalcolithic Büyükkaya. In Schnacher, A., Die Ausgrabungen in Bogazköy-Hattusa 2011. Archäologischer Anzeiger, 17-19.
Bonsall, C., Boroneanţ, A., Soficaru, A., McSweeney, K., Higham, T., Miriţoiu, N., Pickard, C. and Cook, G. 2012. Interrelationship of age and diet in Romania’s oldest human burial. Naturwissenschaften 99(4): 321-325. DOI 10.1007/s00114-012-0897-1
Pickard, C., Pickard, B. and Bonsall, C., 2011. Autistic spectrum disorder in prehistory. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 21: 357-364.
Bonsall, C., Horvat, M., McSweeney, K., Masson, M., Higham, T. F. G., Pickard, C. and Cook, G. T., 2007. Chronological and dietary aspects of the human burials from Ajdovska Cave, Slovenia. Radiocarbon 49: 727-740.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2004. Deep sea fishing in the European Mesolithic: fact or fantasy? European Journal of Archaeology 7(3): 273-290.
Bonsall, C., Cook, G. T., Hedges, R. E. M., Higham, T. F. G., Pickard, C. and Radovanovic, I., 2004. Radiocarbon and stable isotope evidence of dietary change from the Mesolithic to the middle ages in the Iron Gates: new results from Lepenski Vir. Radiocarbon 46: 293-300.
Bonsall, C., Lennon, R., McSweeney, K., Stewart, C., Harkness, D., Boroneant, V., Bartosiewicz, L., Payton, R. and Chapman, J., 1997. Mesolithic and early Neolithic in the Iron Gates: a palaeodietary perspective. Journal of European Archaeology 5(1): 50–92.
Pickard, C., 2017. Prehistoric Shellfish Exploitation in Coastal Western Scotland: The Shell Assemblages from Carding Mill Bay. In Mărgărit, M. and Boroneanţ, A., (eds) From Hunter-Gatherers to Farmers. Human Adaptations at the end of the Pleistocene and the First Part of the Holocene. Papers in Honour of Clive Bonsall. Targovişte: Editura Cetates de Scaun, 409-424.
Pickard, C., Boroneant, A. and Bonsall, C., 2017. Molluscan remains from early to middle Holocene sites in the Iron Gates reach of the Danube, southeast Europe. In Allen, M.J. (ed.) Molluscs in Archaeology: Methods, Approaches and Applications. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 179-194.
Pickard, C., Caldeira, C., Harten, N., Schoop, U-D., Üstündağ, H., Bartosiewicz, L. and Schachner, A., 2017. Reconstructing Iron Age to Roman Period Diet from Bioarchaeological Remains: Preliminary Results from Boğazköy, North-Central Anatolia. In Schachner, A., (ed.) Innovation Versus Beharrung Was Macht den Unterschied des Hethitischen Reichs im Anatolien des 2. Jahrtausends v. Chr.? Internationaler Workshop Zu Ehren Von Jürgen Seeher Istanbul, 23–24 Mai 2014. BYZAS 23. Istanbul: Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Istanbul, 239-256.
Pickard, C., Bartosiewicz, L. and Bonsall, C,. 2016. FAUNAL REMAINS FROM THE 1982–3 INVESTIGATIONS. In Waddington, C. and Bonsall, C. (eds) Archaeology and Environment on the North Sea Littoral. A Case Study from Low Hauxley. Huddersfield: D & M Heritage, 169-174.
Bonsall, C., Macklin, M., Boroneanț, A., Pickard, C., Bartosiewicz, L., Cook, G. and Higham, T., 2016. Rapid Climate Change and Radiocarbon Discontinuities in the Mesolithic–Early Neolithic Settlement Record of the Iron Gates Cause or Coincidence? In Biehl, P.F., Milisauskas, S. and Dyson, S.L. (eds) Climate and Cultural Change in Prehistoric Europe and the Near East. Albany: State University of New York Press, 195-210.
Pickard, C. 2016. Chapter 8. Prehistoric molluscan remains from Tell Aqab, northeast Syria. In R. Yeshuran, L. Weissbrod, N. Marom and Guy Bar-Oz (eds) Bones and Identity: Zooarchaeological Approaches to Reconstructing Social and Cultural Landscapes in Southwest Asia. Oxford: Oxbow, 157-169.
Pickard, C., 2015. The Mortuary Population: Stable Isotope Analysis of Human and Animal Remains. In Peltenburg, E., Tell Jerablus Tahtani, Syria, I: Mortuary practices at an Early Bronze Age Fort on the Euphrates River. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 115-117.
Semelidou, E., Pickard, C., MacKinnon, K., Nathena, D., Gambaro, L. and Kranioti, E.F., 2014. Diet reconstruction from a Venetian period population from Agios Georgios, Lasithi. In Psilaki E., Drakakis M. (eds) Εν Γορτύνη και Αρκαδία εγένετο, Messara, Crete, Greece. Proceedings of the 1st International Multidisciplinary Conference on the history and Civilisation of Southern Crete. Heraklion, 577-582. Paper in Greek.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C. 2014. Mesolithic and Neolithic shell middens in western Scotland: a comparative analysis of shellfish exploitation patterns. In Mirjana Roksandic, Sheilla Mendonça, Sabine Eggers, Meghan Burchell and D. Klokler (eds) The Cultural Dynamics of Shell Middens and Shell Mounds: a worldwide perspective. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Bonsall, C., McSweeney, K., Payton, R. W., Pickard, C., Bartosiewicz, L. and Boroneanț, A., 2013. Death on the Danube: Late Mesolithic burials at Schela Cladovei, Romania. In A. Comșa, C. Bonsall and L. Nikolova (eds), Facets of the Past: The Challenge of the Balkan Neo-Eneolithic. București, Academia Academiei Române: 55–67.
Bonsall, C., Mlekuž, D., Bartosiewicz, L. and Pickard, C., 2013. Early farming adaptations of the northeast Adriatic Karst. In S. Colledge, J. Conolly, K. Dobney, K. Manning and S. Shennan (eds) The Origins and Spread of Domestic Animals in Southwest Asia and Europe. Walnut Creek (CA), Left Coast Press.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2012. The marine molluscs. In A. Saville, K. Hardy, R. Miket and T.B. Ballin (eds) An Corran, Staffin, Skye: a rockshelter with Mesolithic and later occupation. Edinburgh: SAIR, Vol. 51, p. 62-69.
Pickard, C., 2012. The Molluscan Assemblage. In R. Leighton, Morgantina and the archaeology of houses: excavations on the Cittadella from 1989-2004. Vol. 15, Accordia Specialist Studies on Italy. London: Accordia Research Institute, 179-185.
Leighton, R. and Pickard, C., 2012. Daub and Plaster. In R. Leighton, Morgantina and the archaeology of houses: excavations on the Cittadella from 1989-2004. Vol. 15, Accordia Specialist Studies on Italy. London: Accordia Specialist Research Institute, 119-125.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2012. A different kettle of fish: food diversity in the Scottish Mesolithic. In D. Collard, J. Morris and E. Perego (eds) Food and Drink in Archaeology 3. Totnes: Prospect Books, 76–88.
Fischer, A., Benjamin, J., Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2011. Epilogue. In J. Benjamin, C. Bonsall, C. Pickard and A. Fischer (eds) Underwater Archaeology and the Submerged Prehistory of Europe. Oxford: Oxbow, 332-338.
Benjamin, J., Bonsall, C., Pickard, C. and Fischer, A., 2011. Preface. In J. Benjamin, C. Bonsall, C. Pickard and A. Fischer (eds) Underwater Archaeology and the Submerged Prehistory of Europe. Oxford: Oxbow, xii-xiii.
Bonsall, C., Pickard, C. and Ritchie, G.A. 2010. From Assynt to Oban: some observations on prehistoric cave use in western Scotland. In K.A. Bergsvik and R. Skeates (eds) Caves in Context. The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe. Oxford: Oxbow.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2009. Some Observations on the Mesolithic Crustacean Assemblage from Ulva Cave, Inner Hebrides, Scotland. In J.M. Burdukiewicz, K. Cyrek, P. Dyczek and K. Szymczak (eds) Understanding the past. Papers offered to Stefan K. Kozłowski. Warsaw: University Press, Warszawa, 305-314.
Bonsall, C., Cook, G. T., Pickard, C., McSweeney, K. and Bartosiewicz, L., 2009. Dietary Trends at the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in North-west Europe. In P. Crombé, M. Van Strydonck, J. Sergant, M. Boudin and M. Bats (eds) Chronology and Evolution within the Mesolithic of North-West Europe. Proceedings of an International Meeting, Brussels, May 30th-June 1st 2007. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 539-562.
Cook, G. T., Bonsall, C., Pickard, C., McSweeney, K. and Bartosiewicz, L., 2009. The Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in the Iron Gates, Southeast Europe: calibration and dietary issues. In P. Crombé, M. Van Strydonck, J. Sergant, M. Boudin and M. Bats (eds) Chronology and Evolution within the Mesolithic of North-West Europe. Proceedings of an International Meeting, Brussels, May 30th-June 1st 2007. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 497-515.
Bonsall, C., Radovanović, I., Roksandic, M., Cook, G., Higham, T. and Pickard, C., 2009. Dating burials and architecture at Lepenski Vir. In C. Bonsall, V. Boroneanţ and I. Radovanović (eds) The Iron Gates in Prehistory. New Perspectives. BAR International Series 1893. Oxford: Archaeopress, 175-204.
Pickard, C., Pickard, B. and Bonsall, C., 2008. Reassessing the mitochondrial DNA evidence for migration at the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition. In A. J. Tomaszewski and Z. Sulgostowska (eds) Man – Millennia – Environment. Studies in honour of Romuald Schild. Warsaw, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-58.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2007. Late Mesolithic coastal fishing practices: the evidence from Tybrind Vig, Denmark. In B. Hårdh, K. Jennbert and D. Olausson (eds) On the Road. Studies in Honour of Lars Larsson. Festschrift in Honour of Lars Larsson. Acta Archaeologica Lundensia. Almqvist & Wiksell International, 176-183.
Other Outputs - Service Contracts
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 2019. 1495 Old College Quadrangle, Edinburgh: stable isotopes and 14C dates, pp. 27.
Pickard, C., 2018. Governor’s Yard, Edinburgh Castle – the molluscan assemblage, pp 6.
Pickard, C., Barlow, A. and Dalton, A., 2017. Preliminary Report on Diet and Inequality in a 19th Century Provincial Population: Service Stable Isotope Analysis of Bone Collagen Samples from St. Peter’s Burial Ground, Blackburn. Report for Headland Archaeology, 12 pp.
Mawlood, S., Pickard, B. and Pickard, C., 2016. Service Extraction and Analysis of Ancient Bone DNA Samples from Excavations at St Peter’s Burial Ground, Blackburn. Report for Headland Archaeology, pp 11.
Pickard, C., Thomas, G. and Groom, P., 2016. Targeted Survey of Aird Glass (Starvation Point), Isle of Ulva, Argyll and Bute. Report for Tessa and Jamie Howard. Ulva House, Ulva Island, Mull, Argyll and Bute, pp 6.
Pickard, C., 2014. Tamara Cemetery – Preliminary Stable Isotope Report. In Sauer, E.W., Pitskhelauri, K., Lawrence, D., Licheli, V., Wilkinson, T.J., MacDonald, E., Erskine, G., Koberidze, K., Hopper, K., Gotsiridze, K., Ingle, Chologauri, G.L., Intagliata, E., Gabunia, A., Van Rensburg, J.J., Gagoshidze, D., Greenwood, D., Mowat, F., Priestman, S. and Usher-Wilson, S., The Caucasian Gates: Gateway and Barrier between Iberia, Persia and the Steppes of Eurasia: the excavations of 2013, 51–56.
Pickard, C., 2009 The Macrobotanical Assemblage from the Submerged Prehistoric Woodlands of Loch Tay. Report for The Crannog Centre, Loch Tay, 3 pp.
Pickard, C., 2008, Colonsay Airfield (RA 05062), Isle of Colonsay, Argyll & Bute (NGR: NR 359 930). The Marine Molluscs. Report for Rathmell Archaeology, 15 pp.
Pickard, C., 2008. Colonsay Airfield (RA 05062), Isle of Colonsay, Argyll & Bute (NGR: NR 359 930). The Terrestrial Molluscs. Report for Rathmell Archaeology, 6 pp.
Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C., 1999. The Marine Molluscs from the Archaeological Site at An Corran, Staffin, Skye. Report for Historic Scotland, 10 pp.