About our staff
Dr Hatice Yıldız
Lecturer in Modern Gender History since 1750; Comparative and Global History, The Late Ottoman Empire, Colonial India, Gender, Labour History
Affiliated research centres
I was born and raised in Istanbul, Turkey. I completed my Bachelor's degree in Political Science and International Relations at Yıldız Technical University and my Master's degree in Comparative Studies in History and Society at Koc University. I moved to England in 2013 after receiving a postgraduate scholarship from the Cambridge Trust. I received my PhD in History from Queens' College, the University of Cambridge in 2018. Between 2017 and 2020, I worked as a Junior Research Fellow in History at Merton College, University of Oxford. In 2020-21, I was a Visiting Fellow at the Weatherhead Initiative on Global History at Harvard University.
During the past eight years I worked in archives spanning three countries and seven cities: Istanbul, Bursa, Cambridge, London, Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. I have presented elements of my work at workshops and conferences in the UK, the Netherlands, France, Turkey, India, and the US. I provided supervisions and taught classes in global and world history, on various topics from the Indian Rebellion to the Middle East economy in the nineteenth century.
Co-founder of Colonial Ports and Global History (CPAGH)
Summary of research interestsPlaces:
- Near East
- Comparative & Global History
- Economic History
- Nineteenth Century
My research lies at the intersection of gender, economic and social histories of South Asia and the Middle East. I am concerned with the gendering of occupational categories that emerged in conjunction with economic liberalisation, industrial development, and bureaucratic consolidation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. My PhD thesis and subsequent work examined the spatial and temporal aspects of women's and men's work, concepts and categories of skill, technology and specialist knowledge in textile factories of Ottoman Western Anatolia and Western India.
Current research activities
I am currently working on a monograph which is an extended version of my doctoral thesis. This study explores the ways in which gendered notions of skill, paid work, domesticity and technology shaped labour processes and politics in the silk factories of Bursa and the cotton mills of Bombay between 1850 and 1910. Contrary to a scholarly tradition that placed the late Ottoman and British Indian experiences in distinct categories, my book highlights common mechanisms of adaptation and survival in the age of European industrial hegemony. These involved the development of flexible and low-cost production strategies which confined female workers to crude and subsidiary tasks and associated skill with masculine virtues.
My second project explores gendered means of participation in upper-middle class professions including medicine and law. I am specifically interested in the notions of skill, time, and collective identity as crafted by Indian and Ottoman female physicians in the early twentieth century.
Feminist Histories of Work from 1750 to WWII
Ottoman Modernities: Society, Economy, Culture in the 19th Century
Global Connections since 1450 (Textiles: Silk & Cotton)
The Global Economy since 1750 (Asia on the Verge of Great Divergence & The Industrial Revolution: Asia's Divergent Path)
Introduction to Historiography (Global History)
Gender, Empire, and Labour in the Nineteenth Century: Perspectives from the Wider World
Historical Research: Skills and Sources (History from Below: Using Petitions, Memoirs, and Images as Sources)
Historical Methodology (E. P. Thompson and His Legacy)
'Parallels and Contrasts in Gendered Histories of Industrial Labour in Bursa and Bombay 1850 – 1910', The Historical Journal, v. 60, no. 2 (June 2017).
'The Politics of Time in Colonial Bombay: Labor Patterns and Protest in Cotton Mills', Journal of Social History 54, no.1 (Fall 2020). DOI: 10.1093/jsh/shz016