Read our in-depth essays relating to the UncoverED project.

Phrenology and Edinburgh

Phrenology emerged in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as an “analytical science” involving the study of the shape and dimensions of the human skull.

Edinburgh-trained doctors on Caribbean plantations

During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, many medical graduates from the University of Edinburgh travelled to the West Indies (modern-day Caribbean) for work. At first, they practiced exclusively on white inhabitants, but it was eventually expected that planters would hire doctors to treat enslaved Africans.

Caribbean students in 1960s Edinburgh

Read more about the experience of Caribbean students in Edinburgh during the 1960s.