UncoverED, a collaborative student led archival project, launched in 2018 and was funded by Edinburgh Global.
By Hannah McGurk
The project outcomes are showcased on this website, and the team also created an exhibition which ran during June-July 2019 in the Chrystal Macmillan Building. Since the project’s launch the line-up of its research team changed several times to provide opportunities for as many students as possible to participate.
The project started as a collaborative and decolonising research project, funded by Edinburgh Global, which aimed to situate the ‘global’ status of the University of Edinburgh in its rightful imperial and colonial context. Originally led by PhD candidates Henry Dee and Tom Cunningham, the team of eight student researchers created a database of students from Africa, the Caribbean, Asia and the Americas from as early as 1700, and writing social histories of the marginalised student experience. The project produced at least one biography each of a ‘notable’ alumnus, which led up to a website and exhibition in January 2019.
The research group (from a variety of degree levels and subject areas), started the project during Welcome Week in September 2018. The team discussed the plan for the week, and Henry led us through the preliminary research which focused on the history of migratory students chronologically. We all chose a geographical area to focus on in our research, such as China, West Africa or the Caribbean, and began looking through the archives of the University’s newspaper ‘The Student’ as a main source, hoping to hear from students of colour directly.
Some of our early research proved really fruitful. We found accounts and evidence of the Indian Students Association and Afro-West Indian associations, dating back as early as 1883. We also found a number of notable alumni who had won academic prizes and sporting awards, such as Jesse Ewing Glasgow (1858-60). However, ‘The Student’ newspaper often anglicised names during this period, making it difficult to tell whether the student was from a minority ethnic background, and this was particularly problematic concerning students from colonised countries, such as South Africa, where the student would be registered as ‘international’ without much differentiation.
Many students of colour also did not complete full degree programmes or graduate due to a variety of factors, and this was especially true of many of the women we found. The Student was also primarily concerned with the activities and lives of a small number of often elite students, often marginalising the experiences of students of colour, as we also found with the majority of sources from the time. The newspaper was also very much of its time in its use of colonial and imperial rhetoric, discussing the British Empire as a positive force, as well as dismissing reports of racial violence. This changed as we got to the 1960s and 70s, as it became much more radical, but equally conservative in the 1980s.
Towards the end of the week, and over the course of the semester, we moved on to focusing on our chosen figure, and deepened our research using resources from the Library, National Library of Scotland, biographies, dissertations, social media, interviews, and local academics to name but a few. We also pulled together some of the more disparate elements of the Student research to create social histories, such as housing crises over time, the Colour Bar in Edinburgh, and diaspora politics.
We believe this work is important because the University has a long and largely under-interrogated global history with deep imperial and colonial implications, many of which continue to the present day.
This project encourages the University of Edinburgh’s community to reflect on its imperial past and how it played a part in Edinburgh’s status as a ‘global’ university. The results of our research aim diversity the University’s Notable Alumni list.
Other projects we’ve been influenced by:
‘Universities Studying Slavery’ project
University of Glasgow’s recent research and reparation plans