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Semester 1

The Long Twelfth Century: Byzantium in the Era of the Crusades (1071-1204) (ANHI10092)

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Ancient History





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Visiting students must have previously taken at least 3 courses in Classics, History or Archaeology at grade B or above for entry to this course. We will only consider University/College level courses. Applicants should note that, as with other popular courses, meeting the academic pre-requisites does NOT guarantee admission. **Please note that 3rd year Ancient History courses are very popular and have strict visiting student quotas, meaning that they have a very high number of students wishing to enrol in a very limited number of spaces.** These enrolments are managed strictly by the Visiting Student Office, in line with the quotas allocated by the department, and all enquiries to enrol in these courses must be made through the CAHSS Visiting Student Office. It is not appropriate for students to contact the department directly to request additional spaces.

Course Summary

The period between the famous battle of Manzikert in 1071 and the sack of Constantinople by the armies of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 is usually regarded as a period of a developing crisis which resulted in the disintegration of the East Roman Empire. This is a crucial period of Byzantine history, since the watershed of the year 1204 marked the end of twelve centuries of continuous centralized Roman imperial authority in the East. Therefore, it may justifiably be studied as the historical moment of the ultimate fall of Rome.

Course Description

The defeat of the imperial armies by the Seljuks at the battle of Manzikert in 1071 led to the swift loss of imperial control over the largest part of Asia Minor, the empire's territorial core since the radical contraction of the East Roman world in the early seventh century. This development triggered a series of major geo- and socio-political changes in the Byzantine world, such as the emergence of various principalities or states in Asia Minor and the Balkans, the social and cultural transformation of Byzantine elite society, the phenomenon of decentralization and provincialism, and the empire's clash with western Christendom in the form of the Crusading movement. In this course we will study all these developments and will try to trace the reasons which led to the final and irreversible disintegration of Constantinople's centralized imperial authority in the year 1024.

Assessment Information

Written Exam 0%, Coursework 100%, Practical Exam 0%

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