Mastercard Foundation Scholars Program

Josephine Chikwana's research

Josephine studied intrapreneurial activities

Josephine's dissertation explored the development process of intrapreneurial competencies in university graduates and how these competencies are utilised when graduates transition to entry level employees in the labour industry. Adopting a qualitative approach, the research collected data from thirteen University of Malawi, The Polytechnic- Faculty of Commerce alumni through semi-structured interviews. The study found that graduates believed the entrepreneurship education taught during their undergraduate studies assisted them in developing intrapreneurship knowledge and skills. However, the graduates recommended that the entrepreneurship pedagogy adopt a more practical and engaging mode of teaching to allow learners to gain experience during their studies. The findings also revealed that the participants believe they would benefit from learning intrapreneurship education taught separately from entrepreneurship education. This study reveals recommendations that can be used by educators and researchers in improving entrepreneurship pedagogy and developing a new curriculum that meets industry demands for an innovative workforce.  


diagram summarising of intraprenuership


This was my first time conducting qualitative research and initially when I decided on my topic, I was certain I would stick to what I know: quantitative. However, I stepped out of my comfort zone by learning qualitative methodologies such as using Nvivo and thematic analysis, and that was overall my favourite part of the whole process.

Josephine Chikwana

Entrepreneurship and Innovation

  • Malawi
  • Postgraduate Scholar

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