School of GeoSciences

Experimental Aqueous Geochemistry

Experimental Aqueous Geochemistry

The experimental aqueous geochemistry laboratory is equipped for investigations of chemical processes at ambient pressure and temperature, and in particular experiments that require the absence of oxygen and the presence of hydrogen sulphide. Applications that have used the laboratory have included investigations of Fe and Cu isotope fractionation during sulphide mineral reactions, microbial processes in subsurface environments and reactions of magnetic minerals in bentonite matrices in order to develop monitoring technologies for geological radwaste disposal.

Laboratory equipment includes: Saffron Alpha anoxic chamber (N2 atmopshere), Anaerobic manifolds, Analytical Instrument Systems DLK60 electrochemical analyser, potentiometric analysers and sensors, LTE Mini-Lyotrap freeze drier, Camspec UV-vis spectrophotometer and Kern analytical balance.

Access to the laboratory is offered on a collaborative research basis via discussion with Dr Ian Butler


Guilbaud, R, Butler, IB & Ellam, RM 2011, 'Abiotic Pyrite Formation Produces a Large Fe Isotope Fractionation' Science, vol 332, pp. 1548-1551.

Martin, D, Dodds, K, Butler, I & Ngwenya, B 2013, 'Carbonate precipitation under pressure for bioengineering in the anaerobic subsurface via denitrification' Environmental Science and Technology, vol 47, pp. 8692–8699

Pekala, M, Asael, D, Butler, IB, Matthews, A & Rickard, D 2011, 'Experimental study of Cu isotope fractionation during the reaction of aqueous Cu(II) with Fe(II) sulphides at temperatures between 40 and 200 degrees C' Chemical Geology, vol 289, pp. 31-38.


Dr Ian Butler

Research Fellow in Experimental Geosciences

Contact details



Grant Institute,
The King's Buildings,
James Hutton Road,

Room: 105
Post Code