Data Protection


Definitions of the terms used in Data Protection legislation

Personal data

Data protection legislation applies only to personal data about a living, identifiable individual.

Special categories of personal data

Some personal data comes under the heading of special categories of personal data. This type of data is subject to further regulations under current data protection legislation and can only be processed under certain circumstances

Data subject

A data subject is an individual who is the subject of personal data

Data processing

Data processing includes reading, amending, storing and deleting data

Data controller

A data controller is an organisation that has full authority to decide how and why personal data is to be processed, and that has the overall responsibility for the data. This includes deciding on use, storage and deletion of the data.

Data processor

A data processor is an organisation that processes personal data on behalf of another organisation