14 Dec 20. Featured Paper
Coronary 18F-fluoride uptake & progression of coronary artery calcification.
Mhairi K. Doris, Mohammed N. Meah, Alastair J. Moss, Jack P.M. Andrews, Rong Bing, Rebecca Gillen, Nick Weir, Maaz Syed, Marwa Daghem, Anoop Shah, Michelle C. Williams, Edwin J.R. van Beek, Laura Forsyth, Damini Dey, Piotr J. Slomka, Marc R. Dweck, David E. Newby, Philip D. Adamson
Background: Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18F-sodium fluoride (18F-fluoride) to detect microcalcification may provide insight into disease activity in coronary atherosclerosis.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 18F-fluoride uptake & progression of coronary calcification in patients with clinically stable coronary artery disease.
Methods: Patients with established multivessel coronary atherosclerosis underwent 18F-fluoride PET-computed tomography angiography & computed tomography calcium scoring, with repeat computed tomography angiography & calcium scoring at one year.
Coronary PET uptake was analyzed qualitatively & semiquantitatively in diseased vessels by measuring maximum tissue-to-background ratio.
Coronary calcification was quantified by measuring calcium score, mass, & volume.
Results: In a total of 183 participants (median age 66 years, 80% male), 116 (63%) patients had increased 18F-fluoride uptake in at least one vessel.
Individuals with increased 18F-fluoride uptake demonstrated more rapid progression of calcification compared with those without uptake (change in calcium score, 97 [39–166] versus 35 [7–93] AU; P<0.0001).
Indeed, the calcium score only increased in coronary segments with 18F-fluoride uptake (from 95 [30–209] to 148 [61–289] AU; P<0.001) & remained unchanged in segments without 18F-fluoride uptake (from 46 [16–113] to 49 [20–115] AU; P=0.329).
Baseline coronary 18F-fluoride maximum tissue-to-background ratio correlated with 1-year change in calcium score, calcium volume, & calcium mass (Spearman ρ=0.37, 0.38, & 0.46, respectively; P<0.0001 for all).
At the segmental level, baseline 18F-fluoride activity was an independent predictor of calcium score at 12 months (P<0.001).
However, at the patient level, this was not independent of age, sex, & baseline calcium score (P=0.50).
Conclusions: Coronary 18F-fluoride uptake identifies both patients & individual coronary segments with more rapid progression of coronary calcification, providing important insights into disease activity within the coronary circulation.
At the individual patient level, total calcium score remains an important marker of disease burden & progression.
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Featured paper: Coronary 18F-fluoride uptake & progression of coronary artery calcification. @MarcDweck @imagingmedsci @EdinUniCVS @Jackandrews86 #Atherosclerosis