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13 Nov 20. Featured Paper

Feasibility & diagnostic accuracy of using brain attenuation changes on CT to estimate time of ischemic stroke onset.

Link to paper on Neuroradiology.

 

Authors

Grant Mair, Awad Alzahrani, Richard I. Lindley, Peter A. G. Sandercock & Joanna M. Wardlaw

 

Abstract

Purpose: CT attenuation of ischemic brain reduces with time after stroke onset.

We aimed to quantify this relationship & test the feasibility & accuracy of estimating stroke onset time using only CT attenuation of visible ischemic lesions, the CT-Clock Tool.

Methods: We selected CT scans with ischemic lesions representing a range of stroke-onset-to-scan times (elapsed time) from a well-defined stroke trial.

We measured the attenuation of ischemic lesions & contralateral normal brain to derive attenuation ratio.

We assigned scans to development (75%) or test (25%) datasets.

We plotted the relationship between attenuation ratio & elapsed time in the development dataset & derived a best-fit curve.

We calculated estimated time in the test dataset using only the attenuation ratio curve.

We compared estimated time to elapsed time & derived absolute error for estimated time.

We assessed area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve for identifying scans ≤ 4.5 h elapsed time.

Results: We included 342 scans from 200 patients (41% male, median age 83 years).

Elapsed time range: 22 min to 36 days.

Estimation errors were least at early elapsed times (r = 0.82, p < 0.0001): median absolute error was 23, 106, 1030 & 1933 min for scans acquired ≤ 3, > 3–9, > 9–30 & > 30 h from stroke onset, respectively. AUROC was high at 0.955.

Conclusions: It is feasible to accurately estimate stroke onset time using simple attenuation measures of ischemic brain.

Our method was most accurate 0–9 h from onset & may be useful for treatment eligibility assessment, especially where imaging resources are limited.

 

Keywords

 

 

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Featured paper: Feasibility & diagnostic accuracy of using brain attenuation changes on CT to estimate time of ischemic stroke onset. @IST_3 #Stroke #CT