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11 Dec 20. Featured Paper

Automated segmentation of optical coherence tomography angiography images: benchmark data & clinically relevant metrics.

A comparison of different vessel enhancement methods on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography retinal images (Frangi, Gabor, SCIRD-TS, OOF, CNN, U-Net, CS-Net). Ground truth data with manually segmented images were used to assess performances of the different approaches.
A comparison of different vessel enhancement methods on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography retinal images (Frangi, Gabor, SCIRD-TS, OOF, CNN, U-Net, CS-Net). Ground truth data with manually segmented images were used to assess performances of the different approaches.
Link to paper on Translational vision science & technology.

 

Authors

Ylenia Giarratano; Eleonora Bianchi; Calum Gray; Andrew Morris; Tom MacGillivray; Baljean Dhillon; Miguel O. Bernabeu

 

Abstract

Purpose: To generate the first open dataset of retinal parafoveal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images with associated ground truth manual segmentations, & to establish a standard for OCTA image segmentation by surveying a broad range of state-of-the-art vessel enhancement & binarization procedures.

Methods: Handcrafted filters & neural network architectures were used to perform vessel enhancement.

Thresholding methods & machine learning approaches were applied to obtain the final binarization.

Evaluation was performed by using pixelwise metrics & newly proposed topological metrics.

Finally, we compare the error in the computation of clinically relevant vascular network metrics (e.g., foveal avascular zone area & vessel density) across segmentation methods.

Results: Our results show that, for the set of images considered, deep learning architectures (U-Net & CS-Net) achieve the best performance (Dice = 0.89).

For applications where manually segmented data are not available to retrain these approaches, our findings suggest that optimally oriented flux (OOF) is the best handcrafted filter (Dice = 0.86).

Moreover, our results show up to 25% differences in vessel density accuracy depending on the segmentation method used.

Conclusions: In this study, we derive & validate the first open dataset of retinal parafoveal OCTA images with associated ground truth manual segmentations.

Our findings should be taken into account when comparing the results of clinical studies & performing meta-analyses.

Finally, we release our data & source code to support standardization efforts in OCTA image segmentation.

 

Keywords
  • Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)

 

 

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Featured paper: Automated segmentation of optical coherence tomography angiography images: benchmark data & clinically relevant metrics. @ARVOtvst @giaylenia @mobernabeu @TomJMacg #OCTA