Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences
Edinburgh Neuroscience and CCBS logos

About RUSH

Find out about RUSH research, clinics, training opportunities, and how to connect with us on social media...

What is the RUSH?

RUSH stands for Research to Understand Stroke due to brain Haemorrhage. It is a research programme led by Professor Rustam Al-Shahi Salman. The RUSH programme is dedicated to improving the outcome for adults who have diseases that may cause, or have caused, stroke due to brain haemorrhage.

The fundamental study designs of clinical epidemiology – such as randomised controlled trials, community- or population-based cohort and case-control studies, brain banking, and meta-analysis – are the foundation of our focus on the frequency, prognosis, treatment, and pathophysiology of brain haemorrhage.

We also care for people with these conditions, audit their care, and help undergraduate and postgraduate students to develop and answer research questions within the RUSH programme.

Why study stroke due to brain haemorrhage?

About 15 out of every 100 strokes in the UK are called 'haemorrhagic' because they are caused by bleeding. There are various types of haemorrhagic stroke. Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most common type. ICH happens when a blood vessel in or around the brain bursts causing bleeding directly into the brain. Latest estimates indicate that in the UK there are ~86,000 ICH survivors, and ~14,000 people develop an ICH for the first time every year.

At present, treatment options are limited and only half of people who have an ICH will be alive one year later. More research to understand what causes ICH, and how to treat it, are essential.

Find out more

Professor Rustam Al-Shahi Salman

"We’re 50 years behind in treating stroke due to brain haemorrhage" in Holyrood magazine.



Research to Understand Stroke due to Haemorrhage research programme logo
Watch the Research in a Nutshell video on RUSH
Image of Professor Rustam Al-Shahi's inaugual lecture




Watch Professor Al-Shahi Salman’s inaugural lecture, “What’s the RUSH (Research to Understand Stroke due to Haemorrhage)?”





Find out more about our research and clinical trials, publications and funding


We conduct a weekly specialist clinic for survivors of brain haemorrhage at the Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic, Edinburgh.

Brain haemorrhage clinic information on the Anne Rowling Clinic website

Training opportunities

We are interested in supporting the brightest motivated doctors and other healthcare professionals to obtain externally-funded fellowships to work with us on projects that converge with the RUSH programme’s mission.

Information about PhD training opportunities in the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences


RUSH on social media

Connect with RUSH on Facebook

@bleedingstroke on Twitter

Related links

Cerebrovascular disease research at the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences

Professor Rustam Al-Shahi Salman Principal Investigator profile

Chest Heart and Stroke Scotland factsheet about stroke due to intracerebral haemorrhage

Stroke Association factsheet about haemorrhagic stroke