Hetherington Lab


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McMahon S, Loron CC, Cooper LM, Hetherington AJ, Krings M. 2024. Entophysalis in the Rhynie chert (Lower Devonian, Scotland): implications for cyanobacterial evolution. Geological Magazine. 160:1946-1952. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756824000049


Clark JW, Hetherington AJ, Morris JL, Pressel S, Duckett J, Puttick MN, Schneider H, Kenrick P, Wellman CH, Donoghue PCJ. 2023 Evolution of phenotypic disparity in the plant kingdom. Nature Plants. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-023-01513-x

Turner HA, Humpage M, Kerp H, Hetherington AJ. 2023. Leaves and sporangia developed in rare non-Fibonacci spirals in early leafy plants. Science. 380: 1188-1192. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.adg4014  (The paper can be downloaded for free with this link for anyone who doesn't have access to Science).


Clark JW, Harris BJ, Hetherington AJ, Hurtado-Castano N, Brench RA, Casson S, Williams TA, Gray JE, Hetherington AM. 2022. The origin and evolution of stomata. Current Biology. 32: R539-R553. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.04.040 

Reinert T, Hetherington AJ. 2022. An expedition to a tropical Arctic. Current Biology. 32: R343-R344. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.03.032

Serra A, Mähönen AP, Hetherington AJ, Ragni L. 2022. The making of a plant armor: the periderm. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 73: 5.1–5.28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-102720-031405


Hetherington AJ, Bridson SL, Lee Jones A, Hass H, Kerp H, Dolan L. 2021. An evidence-based 3D reconstruction of Asteroxylon mackiei the most complex plant preserved from the Rhynie cherteLife. 10:e69447. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.69447 (bioRxiv. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.04.11.439326)


Hetherington AJ, Emms DM, Kelly S, Dolan L. 2020. Gene expression data support the hypothesis that Isoetes rootlets are true roots and not modified leaves. Scientific Reports10: 21547. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78171-y (bioRxiv. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2019.12.16.878298)

Hetherington AJ. 2020. New views on old seeds: a new description of Genomosperma sheds light on early seed evolution. New Phytologist. 229: 1189–1191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16875

Hetherington AJ, Berry CM, Dolan L. 2020. Multiple origins of dichotomous and lateral branching during root evolution. Nature Plants. 6: 454-459. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-0646-y

Edgecombe GD, Strullu-Derrien C, Hetherington AJ, Goral T, Thompson C, Koch M. 2020. Aquatic stem-group myriapods close a gap between molecular divergence dates and the terrestrial fossil record. PNAS. 117: 8966–8972. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1920733117

Cannell N, Emms DM, Hetherington AJ, MacKay J, Kelly S, Dolan L, Sweetlove LJ. 2020. Multiple metabolic innovations and losses are associated with major transitions in land plant evolution. Current Biology. 30: 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.086


Delaux P-M, Hetherington AJ, Coudert Y, Delwiche C, Dunand C, Gould S, Kenrick P, Li F-W, Philippe H, Rensing SA, Rich M, Strullu-Derrien C, de Vries J. 2019. Reconstructing trait evolution: A guideline for plant evo-devo studies (and beyond). Current Biology. 29: R1110-R1118. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.09.044

Hetherington AJ. 2019. Evolution of plant rooting systems. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0028341

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2019. Evolution: Diversification of Angiosperm Rooting Systems In the Early Cretaceous. Current Biology. 29: PR1081-R1083. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.030

Isner JC, Olteanu VA, Hetherington AJ, Coupel-Ledru A, Sun P, Pridgeon AJ, Jones GS, Oates M, Williams TA, Maathuis FJM, Kift R, Webb AR, Gough J, Franklin KA, Hetherington AM. 2019. Short- and Long-Term Effects of UVA on Arabidopsis Are Mediated by a Novel cGMP Phosphodiesterase. Current Biology. 29: 2580-2585. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.06.071

Hetherington AJ*DiMichele WA, Lucas SG, Voigt S. 2019. Tiny rhizomorphic rooting systems from the early Permian Abo Formation of New Mexico, USA. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 180: 504-512. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/702759

Bonnot C, Hetherington AJ, Champion C, Breuninger H, Kelly S, Dolan L. 2019. Neofunctionalisation of basic helix loop helix proteins occurred when plants colonised the land. New Phytologist. 223: 993-1008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15829

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2019. Rhynie chert fossils demonstrate the independent origin and gradual evolution of lycophyte roots. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 47:119–126. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2018.12.001


Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2018. Stepwise and independent origins of roots among land plants. Nature. 561: 235–238. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0445-z

Nishiyama T, Sakayama H, de Vries J, Buschmann H, Saint-Marcoux D, Ullrich KK, Haas FB, Vanderstraeten L, Becker D, Lang D et al. 2018. The Chara genome: secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization. Cell. 174: 448-464. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.06.033

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2018. Bilaterally symmetric axes with rhizoids composed the rooting structure of the common ancestor of vascular plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 373: 20170042. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017.0042


Bowman JL, Kohchi T, Yamato KT, Jenkins J, Shu S, Ishizaki K, Yamaoka S, Nishihama R, Nakamura Y, Berger F et al. 2017. Insights into land plant evolution garnered from the Marchantia polymorpha genome. Cell. 171: 287-304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2017.09.030

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2017. The evolution of lycopsid rooting structures; conservatism and disparity. New Phytologist. 215: 538–544. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14324

Bonnot C, Proust H, Pinson B, Colbalchini F, Lesly-Veillard A, Breuninger H, Morieri G, Champion C, Hetherington AJ, Kelly S, Dolan L2017. Functional PTB phosphate transporters are present in streptophyte algae and early diverging land plants. New Phytologist. 214: 1158–1171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14431


Honkanen S, Jones VA, Morieri G, Champion C, Hetherington AJ, Kelly S, Saint-Marcoux D, Proust H, Prescott H, Dolan L. 2016. Mechanisms controlling the formation of the plant cell surface in tip-growing cells are functionally conserved among land plants. Current Biology. 26: 3238–3244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.062

Catarino B, Hetherington AJ, Emms DM, Kelly S, Dolan L. 2016. The stepwise increase in the number of transcription factor families in the Precambrian predated the diversification of plants on land. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33: 2815–2819. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msw155

Hetherington AJ, Dubrovsky JG, Dolan L. 2016. Unique cellular organization in the oldest root meristem. Current Biology 26: 1629–1633. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.04.072

Hetherington AJ, Berry CM, Dolan L. 2016. Networks of highly branched stigmarian rootlets developed on the first giant trees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113: 6695–6700. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1514427113


Hetherington AJ, Sherratt E, Ruta M, Wilkinson M, Deline B, Donoghue PC. 2015. Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology. 58: 393–399. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12159