Academic staff

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Dr John Sproule

Senior Lecturer

Sport, Physical Education and Health Sciences (SPEHS)

+44 (0)131 651 6135

St Leonard's Land

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  • Sproule, J. (2012). IB Course Companion: Sports, Exercise and Health Science. Oxford University Press (ISBN: 978-0-19-912969-0). 

Book Chapters:

  • Sproule, J. (2015) The importance of coaching philosophy. Chapter 3 in C. Nash (Ed) Practical Sports Coaching, Hodder Education.
  • Morgan, K. & Sproule, J. (2012). Pedagogy for coaches. In R. Jones & K. Kingston (Eds.). An Introduction to Sports Coaching, 2nd Edition. Routledge.
  • Sproule, J. (2012). Introducing Sport, Exercise & Health Science to the IB Diploma. In Implementing the IB Diploma by Jill Rutherford & Marc Abrioux (Eds). Cambridge University Press.
  • Sproule, J., Thorburn, M. & Bowers, J. (2012). GCSE, A-level and IB in sports-related subjects. Chapter 27 in Physical Education and Sport in Independent Schools. Edited by Malcolm Tozer,

 Journal Articles:

  • Miller, A., Christensen, E.M., Eather, N., Annis-Brown, L., Sproule, J., Lubans, D.R. (2015) The PLUNGE Randomized Controlled Trial: Evaluation of a Games-Based Physical Activity Professional Learning Program in Primary School Physical Education. Preventive Medicine (in press).
  • Hall, E.T., Gray, S. & Sproule, J. (2015) The microstructure of coaching practice: behaviours and activities of an elite rugby union head coach during preparation and competition. Journal of Sports Sciences (in press).
  • Martin, A., Saunders, D.H., Shenkin, S.D.& Sproule, J. (2014) Lifestyle intervention for improving school achievement in overweight or obese children and adolescents (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 3.
  • Qasim, S., Ravenscroft, J. & Sproule, J. (2014) The Effect of Karate Practice on Self-Esteem People in Young Adults with Visual Impairment: A Case Study. Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Vol 14, 167-185.
  • Nash, C., Sproule J. & Horton, P., Feedback for coaches: who coaches the coach? International Journal of Sport Science & Coaching. (accepted for publication during 2014).
  • Shafideh, M., Gray, S., Sproule, J., (2013) The emergence of coordinative structures during offensive movement for goal-scoring in soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13: 612-623.
  • Mulholland, R., McKinlay, A. & Sproule, J.  (2013). Teacher interrupted: work stress, strain & teaching role. SAGE Open, July-September, 1-13.
  • Sproule, J., Martindale, R., Wang, J., Allison, Nash, C. & Gray, S.(2013). Investigating the Experience of Outdoor and Adventurous Project Work in an Educational Setting Using a Self-Determination Framework.  European Physical Education Review.
  • Moote, J.K, Williams, J.M. & Sproule, J. (2013). When students rule the classroom: Investigating the impact of the CREST inquiry-based learning programme on the perceptions of self-regulation and motivation in young science students. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology.
  • Horrell, A., Sproule, J. and Gray, S., (2012). Health and wellbeing: a policy context for physical education in Scotland'. Sport, Education and Society, 17(2): 163-180.
  • Martin, A., Shenkins, S., Saunders, D. & Sproule, J. (2012). Lifestyle interventions for improvement of school achievement in overweight and obese adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 3.
  • Nash, C. & Sproule, J. (2012). Coaches perceptions of their coach education experience. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43:33-52. 
  • Phillips, S.M., Turner, A.P., Sanderson, M.F. & Sproule, J. (2012). Carbohydrate gel ingestion significantly improves the intermittent endurance capacity, but not sprint performance, of adolescent team games players during a simulated team games protocol. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112: 1133-1141. 
  • Phillips, S.M., Turner, A.P., Sanderson, M.F. & Sproule, J. (2012). Beverage carbohydrate concentration influences the intermittent endurance capacity of adolescent team games players during prolonged intermittent running. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112: 1107-1116.
  • Shafideh, M., McMorris, T. & Sproule, J. (2012). Match analysis: losing possession in soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. (accepted for publication)
  • McMorris, T., Sproule, J., Turner, T. & Hale, B.J. (2011) Acute, intermediate intensity exercise, and speed and accuracy in working memory tasks: a meta-analytical comparison of effects. Physiology & Behavior, 102, 421-428.
  • Sproule, J., Ollis, S., Gray, S., Thorburn, M., Allison, P. and Horton, P., (2011). Promoting perseverance and challenge in physical education: the missing ingredient for improved games teaching'. Sport, Education and Society, 16(5):665-684.
  • Shafideh, M., McMorris, T. & Sproule, J. (2011). Effect of different external of focus instruction on learning of golf putting skill. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 113, 2, 662-670.
  • Phillips, S., Sproule, J., & A. P. Turner. (2011). Carbohydrate ingestion during team games exercise: current knowledge and areas for future investigation. Sports Medicine, 41(7): 559-585.
  • Nash, C., Sproule, J. and Horton, P., (2011). Excellence in coaching: the art and skill of elite practitioners'. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(2), 229-238. 
  • Nash, C. & Sproule, J. (2011). Insights into experiences: reflections of an expert & novice coach. International Journal of Sport Science & Coaching, 6 (1), 149-161.
  • Gray, S. and Sproule, J., (2011). Developing Pupils' Performance in Team Invasion Games'. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 16 (1), 15-32.
  • Wang, J., Sproule, J., McNeill, M., Martindale, R., & Lee, K.S. (2011). Impact of talent development environment on achievement goals and life aspirations in Singapore. Journal of Applied Psychology, 23: 263-276.
  • Phillips SM, Turner AP, Gray S, Sanderson MF & Sproule, J. (2011). Carbohydrate concentration influences intermittent endurance capacity during prolonged intermittent high-intensity shuttle running in adolescents [abstract], Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43, 5 (Suppl.) p. S410.
  • Phillips, S., Turner, A. P., Gray, S., Sanderson, M. and Sproule, J. (2010). Ingesting a 6% carbohydrate-electrolyte solution improves performance and endurance capacity during intermittent, high-intensity shuttle running in adolescent team games players aged 12-14 years'. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109 (5), 811-821.
  • Martindale, R.J.J., Collins, D., Wang, J., McNeill, M., Sonk Lee, K., Sproule, J. & Westbury T. (2010) Development of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire (TDEQ) for Sports. Journal of Sports Sciences 28(11): 1209–1221.
  • Nash, C. and Sproule, J. (2009). Career development of expert coaches. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, Vol. 4(1), pp. 121-138.
  • Gray, S., Sproule, J. and Morgan, K. (2009). Teaching Team Invasion Games and Motivational Climate. European Physical Education Review, Vol. 15(1), pp. 1-23.
  • Gray, S., Sproule, J. and Wang, J. (2008). Pupils' perceptions of and experiences, in team invasion games: A case study of a Scottish secondary school and its three feeder primary schools European Physical Education Review, Vol. 14(2), pp. 179-201.
  • Nash, C., Sproule, J. and Horton, P. (2008). Sports Coaches Perceived Role Frames and Philosophies of Sport Coaches. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, Vol. 3(4), pp. 539-554.
  • Ollis, S. and Sproule, J. (2007). Constructivist coaching and expertise development as action research. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, Vol. 2(1), pp. 1-14.
  • Sproule, J., Wang, J., Morgan, K., McNeill, M. and McMorris, T. (2007). Effects of motivational climate in Singaporean Physical Education Lessons on Intrinsic Motivation and Physical Activity Intention. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 43, pp. 1037-1049.
  • Morgan, K., Sproule, J., McNeill, M., Kingston, K. and Wang, C. K. J. (2006). A cross-cultural study of motivational climate in physical education lessons in the UK and Singapore. International Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 37(4), pp. 299-316.
  • McMorris, T., Sproule, J., MacGillivary, W. and Lomax, J. (2006). Cognitive Development & Performance of 11, 13 & 15 Year Olds on a Soccer-Specific Test of Decision MakingInternational Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Vol. 4(2), pp. 170-181.
  • McMorris, T., Hill, C., Sproule, J., Potter, J., Swain, J., Hobson, G. and Holden, T. (2005). Supra-maximal effort & reaction & movement times in a non-compatible response time taskJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Vol. 45, pp. 127-133.
  • McMorris, T., Delves, S., Sproule, J., Lauder, M. and Hale, B., 2005. Effect of incremental exercise on initiation and movement times in a choice-response, whole body psychomotor task. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 39, pp. 537-541.
  • Morgan, K., Sproule, J., Carpenter, P. and Weigand, D., 2005. A computer-based observational assessment of the teaching behaviours that influence motivational climate in physical education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, Vol. 10(1), pp. 113-135. 
  • Morgan, K., Sproule, J. and Kingston, K., 2005. Teaching styles, motivational climate and pupils' cognitive and affective responses in physical education. European Physical Education Review, Vol. 11(3), pp. 1-27.
  • Sproule, J. and Tranfield, P., 2004. The effects of competitive squash on plasma volume. Journal of Human Movement Studies, Vol. 47, pp. 269-284.  
  • Johnston, T., Sproule, J., McMorris, T. and Maile, A., 2004. Time-motion analysis and heart rate response during elite male hockey competitions versus training. Journal of Human Movement Studies, Vol. 46(3), pp. 189-203. 
  • McNeill, M., Sproule, J. and Horton, P., 2003. The changing face of sport and physical education in post-colonial Singapore. Sport, Education & Society, Vol. 8(1), pp. 35-56. 
  • McMorris, T., Tallon, M., Williams, C., Sproule, J., Draper, S., Swain, J., Potter, J. and Clayton, N., 2003. Incremental exercise, plasma catecholamine concentrations and performance of a psychomotor skill. Perceptual & Motor Skills, Vol. 97, pp. 590-604.
  • McMorris, T., Sproule, J. and MacGillivary, W., 2002. Field dependence/independence, observational and decision-making skills of trainee physical education teachers. International Journal of Sports Psychology, Vol. 33(2), pp. 195-204.
  • Sproule, J., Kinchin, G., Yelling, M., McMorris, T. and McNeill, C., 2002. Using technology to analyse teaching behaviours within initial teacher training. European Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 7, pp. 123-135.
  • Kinchin, G., Sproule, J. and Yelling, M., 2002. The BEST is good enough. Physical Education and Sport, Vol. 10, pp. 44-46.
  • McMorris, T., Sproule, J. et al. 2000. The measurement of plasma lactate and catecholamine thresholds: a comparison of methods. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 82(4), pp. 262-267.
  • McMorris, T., Sproule, J., Draper, S. and Child, R., 2000. The effect of incremental exercise on the performance of a psychomotor skill following rest. Perceptual & Motor Skills, Vol. 91, pp. 553-562.
  • Sproule, J., McMorris, T. and Lockwood, A., 2000. Size matters. The British Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 31(4), pp. 24-26.
  • Sproule, J., 1998. The influence of either no fluid of CHO-electrolyte fluid ingestion and environment (thermoneutral vs hot & humid) on running economy post prolonged, high-intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 77(6), pp. 536-542.
  • Sproule, J., 1998. Running economy deteriorates following 60 min exercise at 80% VO2 max. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 77(4), pp. 366-371.
  • McNeill, M., Saunders, J. and Sproule, J., 1995. Barriers to the development of gymnastics in Secondary schools. Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Vol. 42(1), pp. 12-16.
  • Sproule, J., Kunalan, C., McNeill, M. and Wright, H., 1993. Validity of the 20-MST for predicting VO2max of adult Singaporean athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 27(3), pp. 202-204.


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