The Alwaleed Centre

Islamic Civilisation

A thousand years ago, the majority of the world’s most sophisticated philosophers, mathematicians, medical practitioners, astronomers, and architects were Muslim.

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In a huge area stretching from Spain through to India, they drew on a number of existing traditions, including the Greek, the Persian and the Indian, but they made their own distinctive and original contributions to these fields, and these were in turn passed on to Europe.

Learn more here about the contributions of important Muslim thinkers such as Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and Ibn Rushd (Averroes) in philosophy, al-Khwarizmi in mathematics, al-Zahrawi and Ibn al-Nafis in medicine, al-Tusi and Ulugh Beg in astronomy, Sinan in architecture, and many others.

Resources and links

Islamic Civilisation Podcasts and Videos

Podcasts and videos on the theme of Islamic civilisation produced by the University of Edinburgh

Contributions to the Arts

For nearly 1400 years, the world of Islam has produced some of the most extraordinary works of art the world has ever known. Below you will find links to a variety of websites which celebrate the artistic wonders of the Islamic world.

Contributions to the Sciences

Below you will find links to a variety of websites exploring Islamic contributions to medicine, chemistry, physics, cartography, mathematics and much more.

Islamic History

Watch this groundbreaking three-part PBS documentary exploring the extraordinary life of the Prophet Muhammad and the subsequent rise of Islam.