Dr Philippe Pasero - Institute of Human Genetics, CNRS, Montpellier
20th February 2017 at 12:00pm [Download iCalendar / .ics file]
SAMHD1 is a dNTPase that restricts HIV-1 infection in non-cycling cells. Mutations in SAMHD1 cause Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS), a severe inflammatory disease, and have also been implicated in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the molecular mechanisms by which SAMHD1 prevents inflammation and cancer development remain unknown.
We have characterized a novel function of SAMHD1 in DNA replication that is independent of its dNTPase activity. We have found that SAMHD1 promotes the degradation of newly-synthesized DNA at arrested replication forks. This activity is required for checkpoint activation and for the recovery of stalled forks, indicating that SAMHD1 is a novel key player of the replication stress response. Remarkably, we also found that newly-replicated DNA diffuses out of the nucleus and accumulates in the cytosol in the absence of SAMHD1, leading to the activation of a type I interferon response. Together, these data indicate that SAHMD1 promotes fork restart and prevents inflammation by degrading ssDNA fragments produced by fork repair processes.
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